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51% Attack - an instance when a fraudulent miner controls more than 50% of the total mining power and violates the blockchain's technology.
Absolute Advantage - a structure in which one party has an advantage in performance when creating or providing services and products.
Account - a record-tool that tracks the financial activities of a specific asset or revenue.
Accounting Token - a tokenized credit or debit entry (IOU/UOM) on a distributed ledger.
Accumulation / Distribution Indicator - The term “accumulation” represents the stage of buying or the demand, and “distribution” represents the stage of selling the supply of an asset.
Active Management - an investment strategy that involves trading financial assets in order to profit from bull and bear markets.
Adam Back - British cryptographer, cypherpunk, digital asset researcher, and inventor of Hashcash.
Adaptive State Sharding - a sharding method used by Elrond that combines aspects of state, transactions, and network sharding.
Aeternity Blockchain - a blockchain network that operates on a hybrid PoW/PoS consensus protocol.
Air Gap - is a replica copy of production information on a secondary storage system that is not connected to any production or public networks.
Airdrop - a marketing campaign designed to distribute a certain cryptocurrency or token as a participation incentive.
Airnode - API gateway that acts as the Web3 oracle solution. It can link web APIs to blockchain applications.
Algo-Trading (Algorithmic Trading) - a way of carrying out orders that uses automated and pre-programmed trading instructions to take factors like price, timing, and volume into account.
Algorithm - a process or set of rules that is followed in calculation operations, such as problem-solving or predictions, typically by a computer.
Algorithmic Market Operations (AMOs) - operations that automatically manage the supply of algorithmic stablecoins. They control the collateral ratio, improve scalability, decentralization, and transparency of the stablecoins.
Algorithmic Stablecoin - is a crypto token that keeps the value of an asset by using price stabilization algorithms.
All or None Order (AON) - an order that has a set price and is made to purchase or sell a volume of assets.
All-Time-Low (ATL) - the lowest price point that a cryptocurrency has reached since its inception.
Allocation - the act of distributing equity or crypto assets that can be earned, bought, or reserved to a certain entity.
Alpha Version - is the first version that is not quite ready for release and requires testing to discover what the program is missing.
AMLD5 - The European Union’s 5th Anti-Money Laundering Directive; amendment of the Anti-Money Laundering (AML), published in 2018.
Anarcho-Capitalism - is an ideology in which John cryptographically protects Jane's digital money to avoid government control.
Angel Investor - is a person who offers financial support to a startup firm in its early phases of growth.
Annual Percentage Rate (APR) - the amount of interest a borrower is obliged to pay yearly. The APR is calculated by multiplying the periodic rate by the number of periods in one year.
Annual Percentage Yield (APY) - the rate of return on investment that takes into account the effects of compounding interest.
Anti-Dump/Anti-Dumping Policy - The anti-Dumping policy prevents investors from falling into the pump-and-dump scheme.
Anti-Malware - a digital solution that protects computers and other electronic devices from malicious software by detecting and removing it from the system
Anti-Money Laundering (AML) - refers to the prevention of illegal money movement around the world by an order of regulations.
Antivirus - software that's designed particularly to identify and remove viruses from a computer.
Apeing - a phenomenon in the crypto industry when a trader purchases a token shortly after its project launch date without thoroughly researching it.
Arbitrage - the act of purchasing and selling the same asset in different markets nearly simultaneously to take advantage of the differing prices and increase profits.
Aroon Indicator - is used to determine price trend changes in an asset as well as how the trend will perform. It also records the time it takes to rise and the time it takes to fall.
Ashdraked - the loss of a trader’s entire invested capital after shorting Bitcoin; named after Bitcoin trader under the pseudonym “Lord Ashdrake”.
ASIC-Resistant - a term used to describe digital currencies that are less susceptible to ASIC mining.
Ask Price - the lowest price that a seller is willing to accept for an asset. Also known as offer price.
Asset-Backed Tokens - digitally preoccupy actual assets that are backed by the asset itself.
Assets Under Management (AUM) - total market values across all funds controlled by an individual or a financial institution
Astroturfing - is a term that refers to a way of participating in marketing and public relations messaging that conceal their genuine motivations in a grassroots group in order to establish trust and authenticity.
Asynchronous - two or more occurrences that do not happen at the same time; antonym of synchronous.
Atomic Swap - the process of transferring cryptocurrency directly between two parties, without the interference of a third party.
AtomicDEX - is a program designed by combining a decentralized exchange with a cryptocurrency wallet.
Attack Surface - the weakest point of the system which can be breached by malicious actors.
Attestation Ledger - is a document that authenticates a product or financial transaction while also certifying that it occurred.
Audit - is a method of discovering underlying bugs and points of failure prior to the deployment of the systems and applications.
Augmented Reality (AR) - a technology that allows three-dimensional digital objects to be seen and interacted with in the real world.
Automated Clearing House (ACH) - an electronic transaction processing network that is used to facilitate debit and credit transactions.
Automated Market Maker (AMM) - a liquidity pool protocol used in decentralized exchanges (DEX).
Autonomous Economic Agent (AEA) - a software entity by Fetch.ai and the IOTA foundation that can act on its own, without external input, for the owner's benefit.
Bag-Holder - is often an investor who holds his bag of coins for an extended length of time despite the fact that the assets are performing badly.
Baker - a user on the Tezos blockchain responsible for appending new transaction blocks via the Proof-of-Stake baking method.
Baking - the Proof-of-Stake method used on the Tezos blockchain to create new transaction blocks.
Bank for International Settlements (BIS) - an international financial institution that promotes global financial and monetary stability.
Bank Run - an instance when a large group of depositors simultaneously withdraw their funds from a bank, a crypto exchange, or another financial institution, generally out of concern that the institution will run out of funds.
Banking as a Service (BaaS) - Banking-as-a-Service (BaaS) – an end-to-end process that ensures a higher level of financial transparency. Not to be confused with Blockchain-as-a-Service or Backend-as-a-Service.
Banking Secrecy Act (BSA) - The Banking Secrecy Act prohibits fraudsters from laundering and concealing their unlawful proceeds.
Basket - a service that allows traders to manage a collection of cryptocurrencies as a singular asset.
Batch Auctions - a trading method of grouping together individual orders and executing them all at the same time.
Beacon Chain - is in charge of managing and organizing the expanding network of shards and stakers.
Bear - a person who holds the belief that the market prices will decline over a prolonged period of time.
Bear Market - a market in which prices have fallen by 20% or more since their previous peak.
Bear Trap - is a method of manipulating the price of a specific cryptocurrency with the goal to earn profit.
Bearwhale - a person who possesses a high volume of cryptocurrencies and uses them to lower the market price as a means of profit.
Benchmark Index - is a collection of securities that are used to assess the performance of other assets in the market.
BEP-2 (Binance Chain Tokenization Standard) - a management methodology for utilizing tokens on the Binance Chain.
BEP-95 (Bruno Hard Fork Upgrade) - Binance Evolution Protocol, aiming to optimize the speed of the BNB burning process.
Beta (Coefficient) - a tool for comparing the volatility of a single asset to the volatility of the entire market or a specific portfolio.
Beta (Release) - During the beta testing stage testers try to discover bugs regarding security, efficacy, and availability.
Bid Price - is the amount that a certain individual is down to pay for an asset, service, commodity, or contract in financial markets.
Bid-Ask Spread - the difference between the highest price buyers are willing to pay for an asset and the lowest price the seller is willing to agree with.
Big Tech - the four biggest IT companies in the US – Meta (Facebook), Apple, Google, and Amazon. Microsoft is occasionally included in the list.
Binance Blockchain Charity Foundation (BCF) - a decentralized platform for charity purposes.
Binance Labs - is an initiative that seeks out and motivates promising blockchain leaders, communities, and enterprises.
Binance Launchpad - a crowdfunding platform that provides support for crypto startups within the Binance ecosystem.
Binary Code - is the most standard type of programming code, consisting of a series of 0s and 1s that a computer can interpret.
Bit (Computing) - Bit – a basic unit of information, the smallest unit in computing.
Bitcoin ATM (BTM) - Bitcoin ATM is a teller machine that enables users to purchase or sell Bitcoin using fiat currency.
Bitcoin Dominance (BTCD) - a metric used to show what share of the cryptocurrency market cap is owned by Bitcoin.
Bitcoin Improvement Proposal (BIP) - is a collection of documents that propose specific modifications to Bitcoin.
Bitcoin Pizza - an event in Bitcoin history when Laszlo Hanyecz paid Jeremy Sturdivant 10,000 BTC for two pizzas.
Bitcoiner - Bitcoiners are Bitcoin devotees that are heavily involved in the cryptocurrency sector.
Bitcointalk - is the leading online forum dedicated to Bitcoin-related issues and topics.
BitLicense - a license issued by the New York State Department of Financial Services. It regulates cryptocurrency business activities in New York.
BitPay - is a Bitcoin payment network operator that enables payments to be sent straight to the seller's bank account.
Bitstream - is a collection of digital bits of information (ones and zeros) that may be sent from one device to another.
Black Hat Hacker - a hacker that uses malware to break into a computer or a computer system to steal data.
Black Swan Event - is commonly characterized as an unanticipated incident that has a major impact on a previously, as thought, foreseen event.
Block Explorer - is a blockchain search program that uses an internet interface to provide users with information on addresses, payments, blocks, and fees.
Block Header - is a type of header that is used to identify certain blocks inside a blockchain network.
Block Height - a measure used to determine the number of blocks before a specific block on the blockchain. Each block is assigned a height value.
Block Producer - a person or a group of people who employ their hardware to verify blocks on Delegated-Proof-of-Stake (DPoS) blockchains.
Block Reward - is the amount of bitcoin received by a miner after successfully mining a block by solving a cryptographic challenge to generate a new block.
Block Size - refers to the amount of space that a single block has for storing transaction data.
Blockchain - a collection of separate blocks that store information about various transactions.
Blockchain 1.0 - is the version of blockchain technology that was focused on cryptocurrency and decentralization.
Blockchain 2.0 - is an addition to blockchain 1.0 that focuses on the decentralization of organizations and businesses by using smart contracts.
Blockchain Explorer - is a program that allows users to look through the blockchain records.
Blockchain Transmission Protocol (BTP) - a technology that enables compatibility between diverse blockchains by allowing data exchange and value transfer.
Blockchain Trilemma - an idea that discusses the problems of security, decentralization, and ease of use.
Blockchain-Enabled Smart Lock - smart locks developed using blockchain technology.
Bollinger Band - a tool designed to aid in the detection of system patterns in pricing.
Bonding Curve - a mathematical curve that is used to define the relationship between an asset’s price and supply.
BRC-20 - an experimental token standard that allows the creation of fungible tokens on the Bitcoin network using the Ordinals protocol.
Break-Even Point (BEP) - when total revenue and total cost are exactly the same.
Breakeven Multiple - a number that needs to be multiplied in order to reach its Breakeven Point (BEP).
Breakout - a shift in the price of an asset when it rises above a resistance line or falls below a support line.
Brian Armstrong - is the CEO and creator of Coinbase, as well as a business leader and investor.
Browser Extension - a plugin that provides a browser with additional functionality.
Brute Force Attack (BFA) - A brute force attack is a type of hacking technique that relies on trial and error to compromise passwords, encryption keys, and login credentials.
Bubble - is defined as an event in which an asset is exchanged at a price that exceeds the item's intrinsic worth.
BUIDL - community contributions to the entire blockchain ecosystem via active engagement as opposed to passive HODLing.
Bull - a trader who strategizes their investments with the expectation that an asset’s price will increase.
Bull Market - in cryptocurrency refers to a time in which asset prices grow dramatically.
Bull Run - a time period when the prices of certain assets are increasing in the financial market.
Bull Trap - happens when a continuously decreasing asset appears to turn and rise, only to quickly revert to its downward trend.
Burning - the process of permanently taking cryptocurrency coins or tokens out of circulation.
Buy The (F*******) Dip (BTD/BTFD) - a slang phrase used by crypto enthusiasts to encourage buying an asset at a low market price.
Buy Wall - occurs when a massive limit order is placed to purchase when the price of a cryptocurrency hits a specific level.
Byzantine Fault Tolerance (BFT) - the property of computer systems making them able to reach consensus ignoring the failure of some of their components.
Byzantine Generals’ Problem - The Byzantine Generals' Problem refers to the difficulty that decentralized systems have in reaching a single truth.
Call Option - a financial contract that gives the buyer the right but not the obligation to purchase an asset at a set price.
Candidate Block - a block that a miner is required to mine as a method of gaining rewards.
Candlesticks - a price tool that reveals excessive data about the price, as well as the open, close, high, and low for a specific time frame.
Capital Efficiency - a ratio between a company’s revenue spending and returns made as profit.
Capital Funds - Capital funding is the money supplied in the shape of debt or equity to run a business.
Capitulation - is when users sell their cryptocurrencies or assets despite a big loss since they don’t believe that the price will ever increase again.
Casascius Coin - is a physical, metal coin of Bitcoin, that can have different designs, types, sizes, and is usually possessed by niche collectors.
Casper (Ethereum) - Casper – a protocol aimed at converting the Ethereum network into a Proof of Stake (PoS) blockchain.
CeDeFi - Centralized Decentralized Finance; a financial system that adopts aspects of both centralized and decentralized finance.
Censorship - is the suppression of written or spoken language or media that is harmful to the public.
Censorship Resistance - the idea that no one can be prevented from using a given platform or network by any party.
Central Bank - a financial institution that oversees the commercial banking system of a state or an economic union of nations and manages the monetary policies.
Central Bank Digital Currency - (CBDC) is a fiat currency that exists in a digital form.
Central Processing Unit (CPU) - one of the core parts of the computer structure which is responsible for handling all processes.
Centralized - services are governed by a authority that makes decisions and manages the system's operation.
Centralized Exchange (CEX) - a cryptocurrency exchange platform that is operated by a centralized owner.
Certificate of Deposit (CD) - is a savings account that keeps a fixed amount of money for a set period of time and allows users to earn an interest rate premium after making a deposit.
Chain Reorganization - a blockchain process when node operators replace old blocks and adopt new ones to create longer data chains.
Chain Split - Chain splits are cryptocurrency forks that relate to the separation of a single initial coin into many separately managed initiatives.
Change - in UTXO models, the amount of cryptocurrency that is sent back to the owner after using unspent outputs to initiate the transaction process.
Change Address - occurs when a user uses an input that is worth more than the transaction cost, the extra funds are sent back to the users as change through a newly generated address.
Chargeback - a protective tool that returns payers their money for a transaction, usually one done using a debit or credit card.
Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) - is one of the largest and most essential exchanges in the United States.
Ciphertext - the encrypted form of plaintext after applying a cipher to secure the message.
Circulating Supply - is the number of cryptocurrency coins or tokens that are publicly available and circulating in the market.
Client - software used on local computers to access and process transactions that are done on the blockchain.
Cloud - is a collection of servers that may be accessed through the use of an internet connection.
Cloud Mining - the process of using rented cloud computing power to mine cryptocurrencies.
Code - A series of characters, symbols, numbers, or sentences that result in programming statements are referred to as code.
Coin - Coins are cryptocurrencies that function according to their own blockchains and are unconnected to other cryptocurrencies.
Coin Mixer - Users can utilize a coin mixer to combine transfers across various cryptocurrency addresses.
Coinbase (Mining) - the number of coins awarded to miners for mining new cryptocurrency blockchain blocks.
Coinbase Transaction - is the initial transaction in a single block within the blockchain.
Cold Wallet - a cryptocurrency wallet that is not connected to any network while not in use.
Collateral - an asset that acts as a security to ensure that borrowers repay their loans to lenders.
Collateralization - the process of setting an asset as a repayment reassurance when taking out a loan.
Collateralized Debt Obligation - (CDO) is a complex financing mechanism supported by a pool of loans and other assets.
Collateralized Debt Position (CDP) - a position that is created when collateral is locked into a MakerDAO’s smart contract. It generates the decentralized stablecoin DAI.
Collateralized Mortgage Obligation (CMO) - a package of mortgage bundles sold to investors.
Collateralized Stablecoin - a stablecoin that is partially or entirely backed by collateral.
Colocation - a specialized space in a stock exchange's data center that is shared with other parties, such as high-frequency traders.
Commingling - a process of pooling all funds from different investors into one investment to maximize their benefits.
Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) - is a separate government organization in charge of the derivatives markets.
Confirmation - When a cryptocurrency transaction is included in a block on the blockchain, it is regarded as confirmed.
Confirmation Time - the amount of time passed from the second a transaction is sent to the second it’s recorded in the blockchain network.
Confluence - a combination of technical indicators, trading signals, and investment methods that are incorporated to create a more trustworthy investment strategy.
Consensus - an agreement reached between all network participants on the content and order of the blockchain blocks.
Consensus Mechanism - the technology required for the main blockchain functionalities.
ConsenSys - is a blockchain software technology company that provides a variety of business solutions and developer tools.
Consortium Blockchain - a privately owned blockchain where the information is not publicly available outside the consortium.
Consumer Price Index (CPI) - is an indicator that analyses the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer products and services.
Contract - in traditional finance, a binding agreement between two or more parties. In crypto, smart contracts are self-executing computer programs.
Contract for Difference (CFD) - a contract that shapes a buyer’s responsibility to pay a price difference if it happens when shifting the estimation of an asset.
Coordinator - a specialized client on a blockchain network that lets the network nodes verify the validity of their ledger copy compared to the original transaction data.
Copy Trading - mimicking other traders' moves, typically those of more experienced ones.
Corporate Treasury - is developed to control the risk, funds, liquidity, capital reserves of a firm to go hand in hand with its methods.
Correction - an event in the financial market when an asset’s value suddenly decreases by at least 10% to adjust for over-valuation
Craig Wright - is an Australian computer scientist who claims to be the inventor of Bitcoin.
Credentials - passwords, email addresses, usernames, and other personal information used for identification.
Credit Risk - a metric that determines whether a lending entity would lose money if the borrower were unable to repay the loan.
Cross-Border Trading - The ability to trade across borders using a local currency and often against a local counterparty is referred to as cross-border trading.
Cross-Chain - technology that enables interconnectivity between two different blockchain systems.
Cross-Chain Communication - The movement of data between one or more blockchains is referred to as cross-chain communications.
Crowdfunding - a method of raising money via fundraisers on different online platforms.
Crowdloan - a method for new crypto projects to raise funds via Polkadot and Kusama blockchain networks.
Crypto Asset - a digital asset that functions as a cryptocurrency or a decentralized application and relies on cryptographic technology for operations.
Crypto Broker - a platform, business, or individual that acts as an intermediary connecting traders to the cryptocurrency market for buying and selling digital assets.
Crypto Debit Card - is a sort of debit card that enables its owner to pay for products and services using Ethereum (ETH), Bitcoin (BTC), Litecoin (LTC), and other cryptocurrencies.
Crypto Gambling - a form of online gambling that is based on smart contracts and uses cryptocurrencies as a means of payment.
Crypto Invoicing - is the practice of creating invoices for products and services that must be paid in cryptocurrency.
Cryptocurrency Money Laundering - the criminal activity of transferring fiat to cryptocurrency and routing it via multiple pathways.
Cryptocurrency Pairs - Cryptocurrency pairings are assets that can be swapped for each other on an exchange.
Cryptographic Hash Function - an algorithm that produces fixed-size hash values from variable-size transaction inputs.
Cryptography - is an area of research and technique that secures data by prohibiting unauthorized third parties from accessing it.
Cryptojacking - The utilization of another side's computer to mine cryptocurrency without their permission is referred to as cryptojacking.
Cryptology - The scientific research of cryptography and cryptanalysis is known as cryptology.
Currency Crisis - a financial emergency event caused by the fiat currency of a state losing its value, leading to reduced investments in the state’s assets.
Curve AMO - is a software program that manages an AMM (automated market maker) system centered on stablecoins by utilizing numerous cryptocurrencies.
Custodial - system is one in which the service provider has the private keys required to access the clients’ funds and provides them with a simple login account.
Custodian - a business responsible for the safekeeping of financial assets in its custody on behalf of an individual or an institution.
Custody - is the process through which financial institutions hold and safeguard the financial assets of their clients in order to prevent asset fraud or loss.
Daedalus Wallet - is an open-source, hierarchical-deterministic wallet available on multiple platforms.
Dark Web - is an encrypted online material that is not indexed or recorded by traditional search engines and can only be accessed using particular authorizations.
Darknodes - are the specific nodes that interact with one another to run the Secure Order Matcher.
Data Scraping - is the process of utilizing computer software to collect information from websites and store it in local databases or other applications.
Date of Launch - the date when the initial coin offering (ICO) tokens are launched for sale.
Day Trading - the activity of buying and selling assets on a frequent basis in order to profit from price movements.
Dead Cat Bounce - a temporary recovery of the asset price after a prolonged period of decrease.
Death Cross - is a bearish technical trading signal that indicates the possibility of a massive sell-off.
Decentralization - a system where control is given to all network nodes instead of one central authority.
Decentralization Maximalism - is an outlook that highlights the benefits of decentralization in every aspect of one’s lifestyle.
Decentralization Ratio - the ratio of decentralized collateral value over the total supply of stablecoins backed for those assets.
Decentralized API (dAPI) - decentralized application programming interface. A blockchain-based API service.
Decentralized Applications (dApps) - virtual programs or apps that operate on a blockchain.
Decentralized Autonomous Cooperative (DAC) - an organization governed by stakeholders instead of a central authority.
Decentralized Autonomous Initial Coin Offering (DAICO) - a funding campaign for new crypto projects that employed a decentralized governance model.
Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAO) - an organization developed by a set of computer-defined rules and blockchain-based smart contracts.
Decentralized Currency - wealth and commodity transfer method without the interference of banks.
Decentralized Database - is a storage system that combines decentralized technology with cutting-edge computers to store information and documents at random among several nodes.
Decentralized Exchange (DEX) - a peer-to-peer cryptocurrency exchange service that conducts trading without an intermediary.
Decentralized Governance - refers to the procedures completed by a platform's elimination of intermediaries in buyer-seller transactions, as well as competent management for blockchain networks and dApps.
Decentralized Identifier (DID) - proof of ownership of a digital identity (ID) issued by autonomous decentralized platforms.
Decentralized Marketplace - is a virtual market in which investors conduct transactions directly with one another rather than through a centralized exchange.
Decentralized Network - consists of multiple protocols diffused throughout several computer devices or nodes.
Decentralized Payment Network - allows individuals to trade funds without the requirement for a third party to intervene to keep the network safe and functional.
Decentralized Social Media - is a platform driven by distributed ledger technologies such as blockchain or DAG.
Decentralized Stablecoin - Decentralized stablecoins are non-custodial, not maintained by a third party, and are completely transparent.
Decryption - is referred to the process of converting information back into a readable structure.
DeFi Aggregator - it unites deals from many decentralized exchanges (DEXs) into a single spot.
DeFi Degens - Defi degens, short for DeFi degenerates, is a subculture of decentralized finance that is known for its pump and dump scams.
Delegated Proof-of-Stake - an alternative to the Proof-of-Stake consensus mechanism in which users have to vote and elect delegates for block validation.
Delisting - is the process of deleting a stock, cryptocurrency, or asset from an exchange platform.
Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attack - When a computer or network service becomes unavailable to its user, this is referred to as a denial-of-service attack.
Depth Chart - is a tool for assessing cryptocurrency supply and demand at any given period and price.
Derivative - a financial instrument whose value is derived from the value of the underlying asset.
Desktop Wallet - A software wallet that is usually non-custodial refers to a desktop wallet.
Deterministic Wallet - is a type of cryptocurrency wallet in which addresses and keys are generated from a single seed.
DEX Aggregator - is a blockchain-based service that gives the opportunity for cryptocurrency traders to gain profit from several financial tools in a single interface.
Diamond Hands - On social media sites, the term "Diamond Hands" refers to users who continue to keep their coins after a 20% drop in the value of their portfolio.
Difficulty - is the degree of how difficult it is to validate a new block on a blockchain.
Difficulty Bomb - the amplification of mining difficulty within the Ethereum blockchain as a means to transition from a Proof-of-Work system to a Proof-of-Stake system.
Digital Asset Custodian - is a person who is committed to managing valuable assets on behalf of an investment or customer.
Digital Asset Ecosystem - is an area that encompasses all aspects of the crypto world.
Digital Currency - is simply a digital type of currency that can perform all of the functions of fiat money.
Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA) - enables the use of digital signatures that’s based on a signature algorithm.
Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) - a directed graph with no directed cycles, vertices, and edges.
Discord - is a web-based communication platform or application that was developed for games to communicate with one another.
Distributed Consensus - is a group agreement that is completed by nodes in a particular network.
Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attack - a sort of cyberattack which happens when a network is overloaded with transactions.
Distributed Ledger - is a ledger in which data is kept throughout a network of decentralized nodes.
Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) - a technological system and protocols that allow for irreversible input, verification, and documentation alteration over a network that spans several businesses or places.
Distributed Network - a type of network structure where applications and data rely on multiple different sources.
Divergence - a case when an asset’s market price and a certain piece of data (usually a technical indicator) move in opposite directions.
Diversification - is a risk-management strategy that combines many investments into a single portfolio.
Dollar Cost Averaging (DCA) - an investment strategy where a person invests the same amount of money for set period of time.
Dorian Nakamoto - is a Japanese-American engineer who some believe is Satoshi Nakamoto, the creator of Bitcoin.
Double Spend Attack - a malicious practice in the crypto sphere when the same amount of cryptocurrency is spent twice.
Drawdown - the greatest drop in value from a peak value of an investment over a certain time period.
Dual-Token Model (Two-Token Economy) - a crypto project that utilizes two tokens. One token is used to fulfill certain activities within the blockchain network. The other token serves as a security to raise funds for the project.
Dump - happens when a big amount of cryptocurrency is sold quickly with hopes of gaining a large profit.
Dumping - is a practice that emerges when the market is influenced by factors such as economic instability in global markets or in response to a specific news occurrence.
Dust Transaction - minuscule amounts of near-worthless crypto assets whose combined value is smaller than the transaction fees.
Dusting Attack - Dusting attacks occur when malicious individuals take advantage of users that don’t pay attention to the small number on their wallet address so they start “dusting” a big number of addresses by sending a few satoshis to them.
DYCO (Dynamic Coin Offering) - is a financing platform created by DAO Maker.
E-Signature - electronic signature; an electronic tool used as a substitute for a physical signature when signing various documents.
Economic Utility - refers to the total fulfillment that an individual may acquire by obtaining a product or service.
Edge Nodes - a group of scenarios that connect the user's device to the devices in the cluster.
Effective Proof-of-Stake (EPoS) - is a variant of the Proof-of-Stake consensus mechanism introduced by Harmony.
Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) - an economic theory that implies that any information about the price of an asset can be accessed in financial markets at any time.
Elliott Waves - Elliot Waves Theory is a tool to analyze price fluctuations in the financial markets.
EMA (Exponential Moving Average) - an indicator used to show the recent changes in price while maintaining the observations of older charts.
Email Spoofing - Email spooning is a method of tricking users into believing that a message came from a different sender.
Enterprise Blockchain - is a type of permissioned blockchain that’s designed for the specific needs of a business.
Enterprise Ethereum Alliance (EEA) - EEA is a crowd of businesses and organizations that collaborate on upgrading the Ethereum network.
Epoch - in computer science, a run of algorithmic training of a dataset; in crypto, a specific period of time.
Equity - is the money that would be sent back to an organization's investors if all of the company's assets were liquidated and obligations were paid off.
ERC-1155 - an Ethereum-based token standard that offers higher security and tradeability compared to the older ERC standards.
ERC-223 - an Ethereum-based token powered by smart contracts. It allows secure transfer of tokens into a digital wallet.
ERC-4337 - an Ethereum standard that allows account abstraction without altering the consensus layer.
ERC-777 - a token standard for producing fungible tokens on the Ethereum network, which allows a novel token contract interaction method that is backward compatible.
ERC-827 - an Ethereum-based token standard that implements calls in transfers and approvals.
ERC-884 - Each ERC-884 token determines a particular share in a Delaware company, following the standard of David Sag.
ERC-948 - an Ethereum-based token protocol that enables subscription-based transactions between businesses and customers.
Escrow - a financial mechanism where the assets are held by a third party throughout deal negotiations between the buyer and the seller.
Esports - competitive digital gaming scene where players compete in tournaments against each other solo or in teams for a certain prize or title.
Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP) - is a document that depicts the Ethereum platform's standards.
Ethereum Request For Comment (ERC) - a set of rules that govern the formatting and transmission of data.
Ethereum Transaction - Ethereum transactions are cryptographically signed instructions from accounts that are used to initiate transactions that affect the state of the Ethereum network.
Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) - a Turing-complete blockchain-based software that executes code exactly the way it was intended.
Exchange - A cryptocurrency exchange is a virtual marketplace that lets customers trade cryptocurrencies as well as assets for other cryptocurrencies or fiat money.
Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) - a security that is used to track basket assets, which can be traded as a single stock.
Fakeout - a false signal indicating a price movement that goes in the opposite direction than the one predicted.
Falling wedge - a pattern in technical analysis charts that has a bullish bias and a distinct downward slope.
Fan Token - a digital asset issued by a certain sports team that allows its users to participate in governing activities as well as get special discounts and prizes.
FATF Travel Rule - regulatory guidance regarding sharing information for large-scale crypto transactions.
Faucet - a cryptocurrency reward system based on an application or website that distributes prizes to users and cryptocurrency holders who successfully perform specific tasks.
FCFS - an acronym for First-Come, First-Served, which is a scheduling algorithm that prioritizes the process or request that comes first.
Fear and Greed Index - an index measuring the sentiment of the crypto market based on market trends and social signals.
Fee Tiers - fee structure that determines how much investors are charged for depositing and withdrawing assets, as well as trading on cryptocurrency exchange platforms.
Fiat - a currency that is not supported by a tangible product, but rather by the government that created it, such as the Federal Reserve.
Fiat-Pegged Cryptocurrency - is a coin, asset, or token that is connected to an authority or bank-issued currency and is often seen as an example of stablecoins.
Fibonacci Retracement Level - a method that uses Fibonacci ratio numbers to identify the support and resistance levels of an asset.
Field Programmable Gate Array - (FPGA) is a unified circuit that enables users or developers to adjust it after it has been manufactured.
Fill Or Kill Order (FOK) - a buy or sell order that will be rejected if it isn't completed right away.
Finality - an assurance that crypto transactions cannot be changed, reversed, or rejected once they are performed.
Financial Action Task Force (FATF) - an international organization that establishes international principles to fight money laundering and terrorist financing (AML/CFT).
Financial Crime Enforcement Network (FinCEN) - The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) is a governmental agency of the United States Treasury.
Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre (FINTRAC) - the national financial intelligence agency in Canada.
First In, First Out - an asset management method done to simplify tax calculations.
First-Mover Advantage (FMA) - an organization or a company that releases a game-changing service or product in the market to become superior over its competitors.
Fiscal Policy - a method that is used by the authority to customize spending and tax levels.
Flappening - an event in 2018 when Litecoin overtook Bitcoin Cash in market capitalization.
Flash Crash - a market condition where the price of an asset drops drastically in a short period of time.
Flash Loan - is a type of uncollateralized lending that is utilized across decentralized finance (DeFi) protocols based on the Ethereum network.
Flash Loan Attack - Flash loan attacks depend on exploiting a smart contract in order to make a profit.
Flippening - a speculative scenario where Bitcoin’s total value of stock shares (market cap) is overtaken by Ethereum’s.
Flipping - an investing strategy that involves acquiring something with the intention of subsequently selling it for a profit.
FOMO - acronym for “Fear of Missing Out” that refers to the anxiety a person can experience when he doesn’t take action fast enough when making trading decisions.
Forced Liquidation - involuntary closing of the leveraged position of a trader due to his/her failure to meet the essential margin requirements.
Fork (Blockchain) - the formation of a new version of the blockchain, which allows two blockchains to operate at the same time.
Formal Verification - a way of validating the properties of the blockchain protocols and cryptographic algorithms by employing mathematical proofs.
Fractional Stablecoin - a stablecoin that is collaterally-backed and partially algorithmically stabilized.
Fraud Proof - is a technique that operates as a bond in a decentralized environment where Optimistic Rollups (ORs) are used.
Front Running - an illegal practice of putting a transaction in a queue after gaining advantageous knowledge about future transactions.
FUD - acronym for “fear, uncertainty and doubt”, used to describe skepticism in the crypto community.
Full Node - a node that is able to download the entire blockchain history to observe and enforce its predetermined rules.
Fully Diluted Market Cap - an approximate prediction of the asset’s market cap, assuming that all tokens are in circulation.
Fully Homomorphic Encryption - an encryption scheme that allows computers to perform arbitrary computations on encrypted data.
Fundamental Analysis - a research approach that relies on analyzing an asset’s value through various indicators.
Funding Payments - periodic payments between traders that are intended to reduce the difference between the spot market price and the perpetual market price.
Fungible - A coin or a token is considered to be fungible if they can be easily replaced by another exact coin or token.
Game Channels - allow blockchain games to run in near real-time by minimizing block confirmation time.
Game Theory - is an applied mathematics method used to research human activities based on the specific decisions people make in response to certain acts.
Gas - a component of measurement for the computation complexity involved in completing various actions on the Ethereum network.
Gas Limit - the maximum amount of cryptocurrency that a trader is willing to spend on transaction fees.
Gas Station Networks (GSN) - a decentralized network of relayers that enables you to build decentralized applications (dApps).
Gas War - a bidding war that happens when investors start paying higher gas fees in order to push their transactions to be verified in the upcoming transaction block.
Gavin Wood - one of the founders of Ethereum, Parity Technologies, and the Web3 Foundation.
General Public License - a copyleft software license that allows anybody to use, read, copy, share, change, and distribute a computer program for free.
Geotagged NFT - 3D version of street art with corresponding coordinated to the physical location of said street art.
Geth - or Go Ethereum is a command-line interface that gives developers the ability to process full Ethereum nodes, carry out smart contracts and mine the cryptocurrency.
GitHub - the largest code hosting platform that allows developers to work together on various projects.
Gold-Backed Cryptocurrency - is a coin or a token that holds the value of a set amount of gold.
Golden Cross - When the short-term moving average crosses over the long-term moving average, a golden cross appears on the chart.
Google Authenticator - software-based verification system that generates unique, time-based, single-use authentication codes on mobile devices.
Governance Token - a token that can be used to gain the decision-making rights in the voting processes of blockchain projects.
Graphical Processing Unit (GPU) - a computer chip that renders 3D images.
Haha Money Printer Go Brrrrr - a “wojak” meme that talks about the problem of “printing more money”.
Hal Finney - a programmer and cryptographer who was involved in the invention of Bitcoin.
Halving - a blockchain event where rewards received for transaction validation or block subsidies decrease by half.
Hard Fork (Blockchain) - a massive change to a protocol that happens when a blockchain splits into two blockchains.
Hard Fork Combinator - a tool used to combine protocols on the Cardano blockchain if a hard fork has occurred.
Hard Peg - is an exchange rate policy enforced by the government where it fixes its own country’s currency to that of another country.
Hardware Security Module (HSM) - Hardware Security Module is a computing device that allows to secure digital keys, encrypt data, and add extra security for cryptographic authentications.
Hash - the output result of the hashing algorithm, which generates a one-of-a-kind, fixed-length text to encrypt and secure a set of data.
Hash Function - any function that converts data of various sizes to data of a specific size.
Hash Power (Hashrate) - the amount of computer power that a network consumes to operate.
Hashed TimeLock Contract (HTLC) - a feature used to develop smart contracts with the possibility to alter payment channels.
Hedge Contract - an agreement used by investors to protect their investments against market price fluctuations and possible financial loss.
Hidden Cap - is a secret limit put on a certain amount of money that a team can receive from investors during an initial coin offering (ICO).
Hierarchical Deterministic Wallet (HD Wallet) - a wallet that supports the production of crypto-wallets from a single master seed using 12 mnemonic phrases.
High-Frequency Trading (HFT) - an algorithmic trading method that processes a large number of orders in an instant.
HODL - a crypto slang term that refers to holding your crypto no matter what direction the market goes.
Honeypot - a security mechanism that functions as a trap for cybercriminals who try to access unauthorized systems.
Hosted Wallet - a digital account for the storage of cryptocurrency which is managed by third-party financial institutions.
Hot Storage - any crypto wallet that is connected to the internet and provides users with quick access to cryptocurrencies.
Hybrid PoW/PoS - a mechanism that allows both Proof-of-Work (PoW) and Proof-of-Stake (PoS) algorithms to be used on the network.
Hyperinflation - The uncontrolled increase in the price of goods and services can be referred to as hyperinflation.
Iceberg Order - a conditional buy or sell order that is divided into smaller orders to hide the total quantity of the order.
Impermanent Loss - a temporary loss of the funds of a liquidity provider that occurs due to the volatility in a trading pair.
In-the-Money/Out-of-the-Money - In-the-Money / Out-of-the-Money – options trading mechanisms that allow investors to bet on the future price of an asset or cryptocurrency and take profit if they are correct.
Infinite Approval - is defined as the action of programming smart contracts to allow spending an unlimited amount of coins or tokens.
Infinite Mint Attack - an attack when a hacker or an unwanted entity mints an infinite amount of tokens within a protocol.
Inflation - happens when the purchasing value of money decreases while the prices increase.
Initial Bounty Offering (IBO) - is an unconventional approach to project launches where people contribute skills instead of money.
Initial Coin Offering (ICO) - a type of crowdfunding that uses cryptocurrency to raise funds for start-ups.
Initial Dex Offering (IDO) - a crowdfunding technique that allows cryptocurrency projects to be launched through decentralized exchanges (DEXs).
Initial Exchange Offering (IEO) - a type of crowdfunding in which cryptocurrency start-ups raise money through a trading platform.
Initial Farm Offering (IFO) - a decentralized finance fundraising model of raising capital via the farming feature.
Initial Game Offering (IGO) - a fundraising event where the investments are targeted at blockchain games.
Initial NFT Offering (INO) - a type of crowdfunding where projects list a set of non-fungible tokens (NFTs).
Initial Public Offering (IPO) - happens when a company starts selling shares on the stock market for the first time.
Initial Stake Pool Offering (ISPO) - a cryptocurrency fundraising tool that is only available in the Cardano ecosystem.
Initial Token Offering (ITO) - is the use of tokens to raise capital in the crypto sector.
Input-Output Hong Kong (IOHK) - is a company that develops platforms based on blockchain technology.
Inscriptions on Bitcoin - digital entries that come in the form of metadata encoded on a satoshi, the smallest Bitcoin unit.
Insider Trading - buying or selling stocks while possessing undisclosed private information about the stock.
Instamine - a short time period after a coin launch when a large portion of its total supply is distributed to investors.
Instant Buying Power - a good faith system used by brokerage firms to grant users a limited amount of credit during the transfer settlement period.
Instant Settlement Network Layer - a network that allows participants to trade digital assets anywhere in the world in real-time.
Institutional Investor - a legal entity or organization that trades on behalf of their customers.
Insurance Fund - an exchange fund that covers unexpected leveraged trading losses and protects traders from bankruptcy.
Integrated Circuit (IC) - an assortment of electronic parts used in the majority of modern electronic devices.
Integrated Development Environment (IDE) - software that is used to create applications that combine standard developer tools into a single graphical user interface (GUI).
Intellectual Property (IP) - is a sort of item that can be legally protected against copying or selling.
Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) - – a company based in America with the goal of purchasing and operating worldwide exchanges and clearing houses.
Intermediary/Middleman - a person or an institution that works as a mediator between two parties in order to facilitate agreements or carry out orders.
Internal Transaction - a byproduct of an interaction between an Ethereum account and a contract address that results in an Ether transaction.
Internet Layer - the third layer in the TCP/IP model responsible for network packet transformation.
Internet Memes - are pieces of content, whether it’s an image, video, text, or sound, which are spread around the internet at a rapid pace.
Internet of Things - a global network of devices and software that is interconnected via the internet and can exchange data in real time.
Internet Service Provider (ISP) - commercial entity providing access to the internet for its customers.
InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) - a peer-to-peer distributed file system that relies on a blockchain-like structure to store and share information.
Intrinsic Value - the actual worth of an asset, based on its recent performance and other factors affecting it in the long term.
Investment Vehicles (Crypto-tied) - Investment vehicles are assets (classes) where investors place their capital with the aim of increasing the worth of their portfolio in the upcoming time.
IOU - is a declaration that recognizes the presence of debt. It is a phonetic abbreviation for the phrase "I owe you."
IP Address - a unique numeric address that is assigned to a device that is connected to a local network or the internet.
Keylogger - is a tool utilized by hackers to document keystrokes that were made by users, either through a software program or a hardware device.
Kimchi Premium - a phenomenon happening in South Korean crypto exchanges that makes the value of certain tokens higher than it is on other international exchanges.
Klinger Oscillator - volume-based technical indicator that is used to compare volume to price to forecast price reversals.
Lambo - a shortened way of calling Lamborghini, which became a stereotypical aspiration of many crypto enthusiasts.
Laser Eyes - a viral Twitter meme that Bitcoiners use when they try to push the value of Bitcoin (BTC) past its highest price.
Law of Accelerating Returns - Ray Kurzweil’s hypothesis on the growth rate of technology.
Law of Demand - asks the question of how much a customer is prepared to spend for a specific product or service.
Layer 2 - a secondary protocol built on an existing blockchain system that helps to solve scaling and transaction speed issues.
Layer-1 Blockchain - a collection of solutions that enhance the protocol's core functionality.
LearnDrop - a limited-time learn-and-earn initiative that allows earning rewards while learning about something.
Leverage - a loan provided by a broker to a trader on an exchange during margin trading to improve the cash flow in trades.
Leveraged Tokens - grant their holder a leveraged position in trading by multiplying the earnings and losses.
Libp2p - is an open-source network protocol for creating modern, fully distributed applications.
Light Node - a downloadable wallet that connects to the full nodes to validate the information on the blockchain.
Lightning Network - a second-layer payment protocol that runs on top of the blockchain.
Limit Order - an order to buy or sell a security where there is an established limit on the price.
Limit Order/Limit Buy/Limit Sell - tools used by traders that allow them to automatically sell or buy crypto assets when a certain target price is reached.
Liquid Market - is a platform where all the trades are executed with ease and at a low cost.
Liquidity - the absence of price impact on the market when buying and selling cryptocurrencies.
Liquidity Bootstrapping Pool (LBP) - a contract that controls a core pool of tokens that can be utilized on a cryptocurrency exchange.
Liquidity Mining - a process or practice in which participants contribute crypto assets to liquidity pools in return for fees and tokens depending on their share of total pool liquidity.
Liquidity Pool - a pool of tokens that are locked in smart contracts and facilitate the trading on decentralized exchanges.
Liquidity Provider - a user who funds liquidity pools with their personal assets.
Liquidity Provider Tokens (LP Tokens) - tokens issued to liquidity providers on a DEX that represent the liquidity provider's share of a pool in question.
Listing - a process that occurs when an exchange offers a trading pair for a specific asset.
Liveness - the guarantee that a system will continue providing data and will not be shut down by any centralized authority.
Location Swap - swapping of two identical asset-backed tokens that are in different locations without changing their other parameters.
Mainnet - an independent blockchain with its own technology and protocol that runs on its own network.
Mainnet Swap - is the migration of a cryptocurrency project from a third-party blockchain network to its native blockchain network.
Malware - is a type of malicious program that grants unauthorized access or damages a system.
Man-in-the-Middle Attack (MITM) - a type of cyberattack where the attacker eavesdrops on a conversation between two parties.
Margin Trading - a method of trading cryptocurrencies in which a trader borrows funds from a broker.
Market Balances - After a trade occurred on a decentralized exchange (DEX), the big amount of coins refers to market balances.
Market Capitalization/Market Cap/MCAP - the total market value of a cryptocurrency.
Market Maker, Market Taker - a market maker is a person who creates an order to buy or sell at a specified price, while a taker verifies the order and executes the buying or selling at the specified price.
Market Momentum - the ability of a market to maintain a steady growth or decline in price over a set period of time.
Market Order/Market Buy/Market Sell - an instruction provided to a broker by an investor to buy or sell a stock, bond, or other assets at the best price available in the current financial market.
Market Signal - is an unintentional transmission of crucial information to every market participant.
Masternodes - nodes that verify new blocks of transactions on a cryptocurrency blockchain and play a role in its governance.
Max Supply - the closest possible approximation of the maximum number of cryptocurrency coins that will exist throughout the existence of said cryptocurrency.
Meme Economy - is a type of satirical concept where internet memes are considered to be valuable assets.
Memecoin - a cryptocurrency created in a humorous context, often relating to an internet meme.
Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) - a legally-non binding written agreement between two or more parties.
Mempool - a mechanism for network nodes to store the information about all unconfirmed transactions.
Mercenary Capital - is a type of self-serving capital provided by investors as a means to profit from short-term incentive programs.
Merged Mining - a process when two or more cryptocurrencies are mined at the same time.
Merkle Tree - A hash tree, also known as a Merkle tree, is a tree in which every "leaf" is labeled with the cryptographic hash of a data block, and every node is labeled with the cryptographic hash of the labels of its child nodes.
Metadata - a type of data that contains information about another type of data (hence the "meta" prefix). For example, while the fact that you've sent your friend $10 in ETH would be considered data, the date and time when you performed the transaction would be metadata.
MetaMask - a cryptocurrency wallet that operates as a plugin for standard internet browsers and allows users to transfer, manage, and receive Ethereum (ETH).
Metatransaction - responsible for fulfilling a transaction signed on behalf of the originating signer by another entity.
Metaverse - a digital universe with all of the characteristics, economics, and activities of the actual world.
Metaverse-as-a-Service (MaaS) - a technological solution used to build metaverses.
Metcalfe’s Law - is a concept explaining the increase in value for every user when a network has a growing amount of users. In essence, it describes the network’s value.
Micropayment - a small transaction (can be less than a dollar or even a fraction of a cent) that is made online.
Microtransaction - a business model of making payments in very small sums for goods and services.
Mid-Cap - a metric used to determine the market value of cryptocurrencies with a market capitalization ranging between $1 billion and $10 billion.
MilliBitcoin - is a sub-unit of Bitcoin, which is equivalent to the one-thousandth of a BTC.
Mimetic Theory - a theory that describes human behavior and culture, as well as how objects become desirable to humans when examined in the context of economics.
Miner Extractable Value (MEV) - a measure used to determine how much profit a cryptocurrency miner can make through manipulating the transactions involved in block production.
Minimum Collateralization Ratio (MCR) - determines the lowest amount of collateral that’s required to be held for a loan.
Minimum Viable Product (MVP) - a product that has enough features to interest early adopters and validate the idea in the early development stages.
Mining Algorithm - A collection of regulations and instructions that a computer must follow in order to produce a valid block is referred to as a mining algorithm.
Mining as a Service (MaaS) - a service that provides users with the ability to mine cryptocurrencies without dealing with physical hardware.
Mining Contract - is a contract in which a customer agrees to pay for mining power generated by hardware situated in remote data centers.
Mining Difficulty - determines how time-consuming and difficult it is to locate the right hash for every block.
Mining Pool - a group of cryptocurrency miners who pool their processing capabilities and resources to maximize the chances of finding a block.
Mining Rig - a term used to describe various types of equipment utilized for cryptocurrency mining.
Minting - the process of creating new cryptocurrency coins via the Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus algorithm.
Mnemonic Phrase - A Mnemonic Phrase, or Seed Phrase, is a set of words presented in a specific order which grants access to owned cryptocurrency assets.
Mnemonics - are a type of memory device that with information retention and retrieve memories.
Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) - is the central bank of Singapore that oversees the money supply and maintains the inflation rate, currency value, and interest rates.
Monetary Policy - rules established by a national or regional central bank to control the supply of money.
Money Flow Index (MFI) - a technical indicator that uses price and volume to determine if an asset is under purchasing or selling pressure.
Money Laundering - an illegal financial activity of hiding financial assets from authorities.
Money Transfer License (MTL) - is a legal requirement for money transmitters so their activities can be considered legal.
Moon - crypto slang used to describe the continuous upward movement of a cryptocurrency’s price.
Moore's Law - is the statement that a computer’s speed capability will go up every year, even though fees go down.
Motoko Programming Language (DFINITY) - is a programming language that enables development on the Internet Computer.
Moving Average (MA) - a technical indicator used by marketers to forecast the direction of the trend of an asset.
Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) - a technical analysis indicator.
Mt. Gox - a cryptocurrency exchange for buying and selling Bitcoin that closed after a major hack in 2014.
Multi-Coin Wallet - A multi-coin or multi-chain wallet is one that allows users to store several crypto assets from different blockchain networks.
Multi-Party Computation (MPC) - is a research method that allows for maintaining data anonymity.
Multi-Party Computation as-a-Service - is a business model where customers are able to rent MPC nodes from a service provider instead of buying them or building them from scratch.
Negative Volume Index (NVI) - a technical indicator used to show how low-volume time frames impact the price of an asset.
Network - refers to all nodes that are currently participating in the operation of a blockchain.
Network Latency - is the amount of time it takes for a packet of data to travel from one point to another.
Network-Enhanced Virtual Machine (NEVM) - The NEVM (Network-Enhanced Virtual Machine) protocol is an adaptive computation method that integrates the programmability of Ethereum and EVM compatible smart contracts with the Bitcoin network's security.
Nifty Gateway - an exclusive NFT platform owned by a cryptocurrency exchange Gemini LLC.
No-Coiner - a person without cryptocurrency in their portfolio who believes that cryptocurrency is set to fail.
Node - an essential part of blockchain infrastructure that stores data and enables the validation of transactions.
Nominators - are one of the two major parties participating in a blockchain network that employs the nominated Proof-of-Stake (NPoS) consensus mechanism.
Non-Custodial - a decentralized service of holding assets or funds in a smart contract during a transaction or any other financial operation.
Non-Fungible Assets - The term non-fungible assets refers to non-fungibility within a group of similar assets being produced by a single party.
Non-Fungible Token (NFT) - a unique digital asset stored on a blockchain that represents real objects and that cannot be copied, substituted, or subdivided.
Off-Chain - transactions are processed outside of the blockchain network. They offer speed and low costs.
Off-Chain Governance - is a blockchain governance model that allows every stakeholder to have a say in public blockchains' decision-making via collaboration.
Off-Chain Transaction - a transaction that occurs outside of the main blockchain.
Off-Ledger Currency - a type of digital currency that is minted outside of a blockchain ledger yet is still accepted and used.
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) - a branch of the United States Treasury responsible for overseeing all federal savings associations, federal branches, national banks, and foreign bank agencies.
Offline Storage - the storage of cryptocurrency or other digital assets in devices that do not maintain an internet connection.
Offshore Account - a foreign bank account containing assets and investments outside of your country of residence.
OHM Fork - a term used to describe the process of implementing upgrades to the OlympusDAO database.
On-Balance Volume (OBV) - a technical indicator that uses volume flow to predict an asset's price fluctuations.
On-Chain Governance - a decentralized framework used to organize change the underlying protocol of a blockchain network.
On-Ledger Currency - is a type of currency that's based on blockchain technology.
One Cancels the Other Order (OCO) - is a situation in which two crypto orders are put in parallel, with the condition that if one is approved, the other is canceled.
Online Storage - an internet-connected device or system that is used to store cryptocurrencies and the private keys for crypto accounts.
Open Source - is a type of belief among developers where sharing information freely and openly is a way to benefit everyone’s interests.
Open-Source Software (OSS) - a software that allows anyone to see, alter or distribute its source code.
OpenSea - is a decentralized marketplace for trading non-fungible tokens (NFTs) based on a peer-to-peer (P2P) network.
Opera Mainnet (Fantom) - An open-source framework that allows anyone to engage in the network through governance and staking refers to Opera Mainnet (Fantom).
Operating System (OS) - a software program that manages the resources of a computer.
Optimistic Oracle - a type of oracle in which real-world data is combined with decentralized systems, and the data is assumed to be correct if it hasn't been disputed for a specific amount of time.
Optimistic Rollup - a scaling strategy for Ethereum that incorporates off-chain computation and state storage.
Option - a financial contract that allows its holder to purchase or sell an asset without making a commitment.
Options Market - is a market where one can trade cryptocurrencies at a specific price or time.
Oracle Manipulation - is a mechanism commonly seen in the DeFi ecosystem when the oracle smart contract is manipulated by hackers.
Oracles - entities that connect blockchains to external systems, allowing smart contracts to execute depending on real-world inputs and outputs.
Order Book - a physical or digital documentation used to track the buy-sell activity of an asset.
Ordinals - a satoshi numbering protocol that allows the inscription of various types of data on each satoshi, which can be used to create Bitcoin NFTs.
Orphaned Block (Orphan) - a valid block that is not a part of the central blockchain and has no parent block.
Over-Collateralization (OC) - Over-collateralization is the supply of collateral valued above the amount deemed enough to compensate for potential losses in the case of a default.
Over-the-Counter (OTC) Trading - a type of trading outside of the centralized exchange marketplaces through private networks.
Overbought - a process when a cryptocurrency is perpetually purchased more and more while its price continuously increases.
Paper Trading - the practice of simulating trading on a virtual platform without using real assets.
Parachain - an application-based data structure that runs in parallel with other parachains on the Polkadot network.
Participation Node - is a term used within the Algorand platform that outlines how nodes assist with the consensus process of conducting the Pure Proof of Stake (PPoS).
Passive Income - income earned through investments during which the earner is not actively involved.
Passive Management - an investment strategy that tracks an existing economic index rather than relying on active market exposure.
Password Manager - an app or software used to store and manage passwords for various accounts or services.
Paul Le Roux - programmer and former criminal cartel boss, one of the suspects to be Satoshi Nakamoto.
Peer-to-Peer (P2P) - the splitting of duties or workloads between peers through decentralized interactions in a distributed network.
Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Lending - removes the need for a middleman during the process of lending digital assets.
Peg - a specified price used to determine the exchange rate between two assets; in crypto – a fixed asset price tied to a token.
Pegged Currency - describes the process by which a country links or pegs its exchange rate to another currency, group of currencies, or other monetary indexes.
Permissioned Ledger - a ledger that is restricted in a way that only people or organizations with permission can access it.
Permissionless - a system without a central authority that regulates who can use it and how.
Perpetual Contracts - derivatives that are similar to futures contracts but don’t have an expiration date.
PFP - an acronym for "profile picture" that is often used in social media but is also a prominent term in the context of NFTs.
Phishing - the practice of tricking people into revealing their personal or confidential information.
Phone Phishing - the practice of extorting money or sensitive information from individuals through false and harmful phone calls.
Physical Bitcoins - A physical Bitcoin is a physical token that has a public key and a private key.
Plasma - an off-chain scaling solution created for the Ethereum blockchain that seeks to increase the efficiency of the network.
Play-to-Earn (Play2Earn) - a style of gaming where the players can obtain any type of in-game product, which can subsequently be transferred to the real world.
Player Payout - an automated method for immediately paying online gaming players after a tournament is over.
Polkadot Crowdloan - the process of staking DOT tokens in the Polkadot Slot Auction to support specific projects.
Ponzi Scheme - is a fraudulent financial operation that offers investors enormous rates of return with low risk.
Portfolio - a list or a collection of cryptocurrencies or crypto assets that are kept by an individual, investment business, hedge fund, or financial institution.
Post-Mining - is the development of new coins following a cryptocurrency’s release, prior to public mining becoming possible.
Pre-Mining - is the development of a particular quantity of cryptocurrency prior to the digital currency being made accessible to the public.
Prediction Market - a system that focuses on betting on the outcomes of various business events.
Price Impact - is a term used to describe the change in the price of the asset due to trading.
Prisoner's Dilemma - an illustration of why two people might refuse to cooperate, even if it appears to be in their best interests.
Private Key/Secret Key - a type of access code created for a crypto wallet address.
Private Sale - a private early-stage investment opportunity for a limited number of strategic investors.
Procedural Programming - a step-by-step instruction that presents the steps to a computer that should be followed to achieve the task.
Profit and Loss (P&L) Statement - is a type of financial statement that shows how the company has performed financially during a specific time period.
Programmability - is a device or program that can understand and follow instructions.
Progressive Web application (PWA) - a web application that combines the benefits of native applications and web applications.
Proof of Attendance Protocol (POAP) - an offering to use the ERC-721 NFT protocol on Ethereum that assigns non-fungible badges to individuals.
Proof-of-Authority (PoA) - a consensus mechanism in which identity acts as a stake.
Proof-of-Burn (PoB) - a consensus mechanism of creating blocks by burning cryptocurrency.
Proof-of-Developer (PoD) - any proof that identifies a real, living software developer of a cryptocurrency.
Proof-of-Donation - is the inclusion of charitable donations into the functionality of a blockchain.
Proof-of-History (PoH) - a consensus mechanism that incorporates time into the blockchain.
Proof-of-Immutability (PoIM) - a type of blockchain that stores blockchain metadata in a distant hash vault using a sophisticated hash-based method.
Proof-of-Replication (PoRep) - is a type of proof a storage miner has to provide to show the network that they have a replica of information or data.
Proof-of-Spacetime (PoSt) - a mechanism used to prove that someone has dedicated a certain amount of space for storage.
Proof-of-Stake (PoS) - a consensus mechanism used to ensure the blockchain's integrity.
Proof-of-Validation (PoV) - a type of Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism where consensus is reached via staked validator nodes.
Proof-of-Work (PoW) - a consensus mechanism where miners must solve extensive mathematical puzzles in order to verify transactions and add new blocks.
Protocol - is a fundamental collection of instructions that describes network interactions, such as consensus, transaction validation, and network involvement on a blockchain.
Pseudonymous - A pseudonym is a fictitious name or nickname made by someone who does not want to reveal their true name.
Pseudorandom - a definite function's ability to yield an outcome that passes the statistical randomness tests.
Public Address - is a cryptographic hash of a public key that enables users to receive cryptocurrencies.
Public Key - a string of alphanumeric characters that is used to encrypt plain text messages.
Public Sale - is when a large discount is announced for a new coin or token that hasn’t been traded on the cryptocurrency exchange. It’s considered to be the last phase of an initial coin offering (ICO).
Public-Key Cryptography - algorithm-based cryptographic procedures that are used to randomize and encrypt data.
Public-key Infrastructure - is a system that includes tools for generating public keys for encryption, therefore assuring the security of data transmitted over the internet.
Pump and Dump (P&D) Scheme - a type of deception in which false and misleading positive statements are used to artificially inflate the price of a cryptocurrency.
Put Option - holder can purchase an underlying security at a particular price within a specific time period.
QR Code - a machine-readable label with information stored in a black-and-white graphical pattern.
Quantum Bit (Qubit) - In quantum data, a qubit is a unit of measurement for the number of bits.
Quantum Computing - is a type of mathematical calculation that is based on specific quantum mechanics to greatly improve the performance of computer technology.
Quasar Smart Contract (OMG Foundation) - Quasar Smart Contract – a smart contract that solves problems on layer 2 blockchains.
Race Attack - a malicious activity when two transactions are created at the same time using the same funds to spend them twice.
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) - a technology that employs radio waves to identify a person or a tagged item in a passive manner.
Ragequit - a DAO process when a member stops participating in a proposal before it goes through and leaves with a significant share of the assets.
Raiden Network - is an off-chain, second-layer on Ethereum’s blockchain that operates as an immediate and scalable payment channel that doesn’t require global consensus.
Ransomware - is a specific malware that allows hackers to take control of or encrypt the documents of their victims in order to steal them and have them decrypted or reissued in exchange for a ransom.
Rebalancing - is the act of realigning the weightage of a portfolio of assets, which entails acquiring or selling assets on a regular basis to maintain a specified level of asset distribution and risk.
Rebase - a token to which circulating supply automatically adjusts based on the price swings.
Recovery Seed - a cryptographic security code used to recover the assets in a cryptocurrency wallet.
Regional/Local/Community Currencies - can be defined as money that's used in a specific geographic area.
Regulatory Compliance - is a kit of rules, regulations, and laws that firms attempt to follow to monitor liability at work.
Rehypothecation - a practice of banks or brokers using the collateral assets of their clients for their own benefits.
REKT - REKT, an internet slang term for wrecked, is used within the trade market when someone experiences a big loss.
Relative Strength Index (RSI) - a technical indicator that measures the price of the asset and how fast it changes.
Relay Nodes - network nodes that create communication paths between block-building nodes.
Renewable Energy - is the kind of energy that is regularly renewed from natural sources.
Replay Attack - Replay attacks are network security attacks carried out by an intruder who targets the contact between a sender and a receiver.
Replicated Ledger - a duplicate of a distributed ledger in a cryptocurrency network.
Resistance (Line/Level) - used to determine the maximum price point of an asset throughout a specific time period.
Revenue Participation Tokens - tokens used in a two-token revenue participation system.
Reverse Indicator - is a person who can be used to portray how not to make buy or sell orders.
Ring CT (Confidential Transactions) - Ring CT is an abbreviation for Ring Confidential Transactions, and it outlines how transaction quantities in Monero are hidden.
Ring Miners - manage order rings and confirm that each exchange is completed within Ethereum’s Loopring program.
Ring Signature - a cryptographic tool that provides transaction parties with complete anonymity.
Roadmap - A road map is a business planning method that sets out a project's short and long-term objectives inside a changeable timetable.
Routing Attack - an attack against an Internet Service Provider's uptime or participation in a web-enabled system (e.g., a blockchain).
Royalties - formally agreed-upon payments provided to a person or a company in exchange for continuing access to their assets.
Rug Pull - a malicious act or a fraud in the cryptocurrency sector in which crypto developers abandon a project and walk away with the investor's money.
S&P 500 (Standard and Poor's 500) - a stock market index representing the performance of the top 500 companies in the US.
Satoshi Nakamoto - the assumed pseudonymous individual or a group of individuals that invented Bitcoin.
Scaling Problem - explains how blockchain transactions operate within constraints in regard to its effect on speed and costs.
Scalping - a day trading strategy where investors buy and sell the same security, stock, or asset several times throughout the same day. The traders that engage in this strategy are known as scalpers.
Scam - a scheme that is meant to deceive the victim and cheat them out of their physical or digital assets.
Scammer - an entity that performs a fraudulent scheme with the intent of obtaining something from the victim.
Scholarship/Scholar - A Scholarship is established when managers earn passive income by allowing new players, also known as scholars, to borrow Axies (digital pets) within the Axie Infinity video game.
Second-Layer Solutions - a collection of solutions developed on top of a public blockchain in order to improve its efficiency and scalability.
Secondary Market - is used by investors as well as traders to purchase and sell multiple types of assets and securities that belong to them.
Secure Asset Fund for Users (SAFU) - Binance emergency insurance fund developed in 2018.
Secure Element - a hardware chip that can run a certain number of apps, store private information, and provide controlled access.
Secure Multi-Party Computation (sMPC) - is a cryptographic technique that distributes computation amongst numerous parties so that no one party may view the information of others.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) - an independent US federal government regulatory organization tasked with protecting institutions and individuals against market manipulation.
Security - a financial instrument that is fungible, transferable, and has a monetary value.
Security Token - a portable device that digitally confirms a person's identity by recording personal information.
Security Token Offering - a type of public offering sold in security token exchanges or other cryptocurrency exchanges.
Seed Phrase - a randomly-generated unique string of 12 to 24 words that provides access and control to the user’s funds on-chain.
Segregated Witness (SegWit) - Segwit is a soft fork advancement to the Bitcoin network, and the protocol has a goal of managing scalability issues by decreasing transaction times and increasing block size limits on its blockchain.
Selfish Mining - mining mechanism when a new fork is created and the generated block is not shared with the rest of the miners.
Sell Wall - a large limit order placed on a cryptocurrency’s price that sells the currency when it reaches a certain value.
Semantic Web - is the prospect of making it possible for computers to interpret and manipulate data on the behalf of its user.
Sentiment - the general feeling that traders and investors have about a particular asset's price action.
Settlement - the process by which a user implements limit or market orders on an order-book-based DEX.
Settlement Layer - the “anchor” of the blockchain ecosystem that provides it with security.
Shard - a part of a blockchain network with its own data that appeared when a chain was split using the sharding technique.
Shard Chain - Shard Chain, or sharding, defines the process of taking a database within a network and splitting it horizontally into shards.
Sharding - a scalability approach that divides blockchain states into pieces that individually store states and transaction histories, allowing each shard to be assessed at the same time.
Shielded Address - refers to an alternative method of doing a financial transaction that is safe as well as confidential.
Shielded Transaction - a transaction that takes place between two shielded addresses is called a shielded transaction.
Shilling - a term used to describe the practice of promoting any cryptocurrency through implicit advertising, before it ends in a rug pull.
Shitcoin - a coin that has little or no value, as well as no evident function in the near future.
SHO (Strong Holder Offering) - a crypto fundraising service where the investors are chosen based on specific criteria like their activities in the network.
Short - is a term used to describe a cryptocurrency trading strategy where the trader borrows an asset in hopes that they can profit from a decrease in price.
Side-Channel Attack - a hacking method that relies on information obtained from a computer system’s performance rather than flaws in the algorithm itself.
Sidechain - a blockchain ledger that runs in parallel to a primary blockchain and has two-way connectivity between the two chains.
Silk Road - an online black market that accepted Bitcoin (BTC) transactions and existed on the dark web before it was shut down by the FBI.
SIM-Swap - is a scam where the attackers gain access to the victim's phone and all of the sensitive data within it.
Simplified Payment Verification (SPV) - a lightweight client used for blockchain transaction verifications.
Skynet - a protocol built on the Sia blockchain that facilitates content distribution and file sharing across the internet by providing decentralized storage.
Slippage - can be defined as the gap between an order's predicted price and the price at which the order performs.
Smart Contract - a self-executing computer program used to verify transactions on the blockchain.
Smart Contract Audit - an in-depth investigation and analysis of the code of a smart contract to find issues, errors, and security flaws.
Smart Token - it is just like a regular token except that it can authorize transactions.
Snapshot - The status of the blockchain at a particular block height is recorded via snapshot.
Social Engineering - is a malicious act that uses human behavioral psychology to mislead people into making bad decisions that jeopardize their personal data.
Social Trading - an online community-driven approach to investing where traders and investors collaborate, share insights, and discuss market trends.
Soft Cap - determines the lowest amount of funds that can be raised during an initial coin offering (ICO).
Soft Fork (Blockchain) - the modifications made to a blockchain in order to add or remove functionality without initiating any fundamental structural changes.
Soft Peg - a strategy of maintaining the value of a currency against a reserve currency by utilizing an exchange rate mechanism.
Software Library - a collection of reusable code that can be applied to other program development projects.
Software Wallet - a type of application whose primary function is to create a virtual space for holding, sending, and receiving cryptocurrencies.
Solidity - a programming language that is mostly used for developing smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain.
Source Code - is a particular set of instructions as well as statements that lead to a computer program that was written by utilizing a high-level programming language.
SPAC - a company that has the goal of raising money through an initial public offering (IPO) or merging with a company that already exists.
Spear Phishing - a targeted attack that aims to force the victim to reveal their personal data.
Speculative Investment - A Speculative Investment, or speculating, is a type of high-risk investment where there is an expectation of a high return.
Spoon (Blockchain) - A spoon is a sort of a blockchain fork in which a new coin acquires the old cryptocurrency’s account balances.
Spot Market - a public market where digital currencies can be bought and sold for immediate delivery.
Stablecoin - a fixed value cryptocurrency that is generally pegged to a fiat currency or an exchange-traded commodity.
Staking Pool - a pool to which several stakeholders combine their computing power to increase their staking power in return.
State Channel - a second-layer scaling solution used to distribute on-chain and off-chain transactions to reduce network load.
Stochastic Oscillator - a technical indicator used to identify overbought and oversold levels of various assets based on the price history.
Stop-Loss Order - an investing tool that allows investors to set a minimum trading price that triggers an order when it’s reached.
Storage (Decentralized) - Decentralized storage is the idea of putting documents online by dividing them into encrypted fragments and delegating these fragments to multiple nodes on a distributed network.
Storage Miners - crypto miners that rely on providing enough storage for nodes to validate transactions and establish consensus.
Store of Value - A product, asset, or currency that retains its worth over time is referred to as a store of value.
Subgraph Manifest - refers to a Subgraph component that contains information on Subgraph's data sources, templates, and other features.
Supercomputer - has superior GPUs and CPUs and is a significantly more powerful computer than a general-use computer in most households.
Supply and Demand - factors that regulate the price and determine the willingness of the trader to buy or sell assets.
Supply Chain - the network of all individuals, groups, resources, tasks, activities, and technology used in a product's development and sale.
Supply Chain Attack - a technique that hackers use to get important information from third-party suppliers of major enterprises, organizations, and governments.
Support - a technical analysis term that refers to a level that keeps the price of an asset stable and prevents it from going down.
Swing Failure Pattern (SFP) - a reversal pattern in which traders aim for stop-losses above (or below) a major swing low (or high) in order to generate enough liquidity to drive the price in the other direction.
Swing Trading - is a type of short-term strategy when traders invest in financial instruments in order to profit after a price change.
Sybil Attack - is a form of hacking that happens when an online network is weakened by creating numerous IDs.
Taint - refers to the cryptocurrency percentage in one account that can be traced back to a different account.
Tamper-Proof Ledger - is any structure of documents that has the core features of a blockchain distributed ledger.
Taproot - a Bitcoin upgrade set to improve the network’s privacy, scalability, and overall efficiency.
Technical Analysis/Trend Analysis (TA) - an analysis method that examines price and volume charts to identify patterns, trends, and make predictions.
Technical Indicators - indicators that are based on the price, volume, or open interest of a security.
Terahashes Per Second - a unit that determines the rate of data processing power.
The Cantillon Effect - a shift in relative prices caused by a shift in the money supply.
The Greater Fool Theory - states that no matter how overvalued an asset is, there will always be someone to buy it.
This Is Gentlemen - is a phrase used to describe something good that has happened.
Throughput - is used to measure the number of actions that can be carried out within a specific time.
Ticker (Symbol) - The ticker symbol is a unique collection of letters issued to stocks or cryptocurrencies that allows them to be identified on exchanges and other trading platforms.
Time-Weighted Automated Market Maker (TWAMM) - a part of decentralized exchanges (DEXs) that has the goal of making it easier for traders to execute large orders with minimum slippage and low gas expenses without lowering the price.
Time-Weighted Average Price (TWAP) - indicates the average price of an asset over a specified time period.
Timelock - a blockchain mechanism of processing transactions at a predetermined time or in a specific block.
Token - a digital asset built on the blockchain of another cryptocurrency that can be utilized in the crypto ecosystem.
Token Economy - In Token Economy blockchain technology enables tokenized assets to be exchanged without interference from a third party.
Token Generation Event (TGE) - an event when a crypto project issues its tokens and makes them publicly available for purchasing.
Token Issuance - the process of producing new tokens and adding them to a cryptocurrency's total token supply.
Token Lockup - Cryptocurrency trading is not possible when a token lockup has been established for a set period of time.
Token Migration - the process of moving crypto tokens from one blockchain to another.
Token Sale - is a type of sale that’s done in advance of the official cryptocurrency launch.
Token Standard - a subset of the smart contract standard that is frequently included to explain how to generate, issue, and deploy new tokens.
Token Swap - a direct exchange of tokens between users or the migration of tokens from one blockchain to another.
Tokenize - Tokenization is the process of converting real-world assets into virtual assets known as tokens.
Tokenized Securities - assets whose ownership rights have been converted into tokens.
Tokenized Stocks - are virtual assets that can be exchanged by using blockchain technology.
Toll Bridge - is a pathway that demands a toll fee to gain access to additional functionalities.
Tor - a decentralized network that anonymizes user web traffic by encrypting it and sending it through a series of relays before it reaches its destination.
Total Exchange Volume - a measure of the total amount of a digital currency that has been moved on a particular exchange.
Total Supply - the total amount of cryptocurrency coins in existence, excluding the burned assets.
Total Value Locked (TVL) - a measure that shows how many assets are currently staked in a protocol.
Trading Bot - a program that is developed to trade cryptocurrency assets on the trader's behalf.
Trading Tournament - is a trading event held by crypto exchanges where users are encouraged to trade in order to reap rewards.
TradingView - online financial visualization and trading platform for various assets, including cryptocurrencies.
Transaction (TX) - A transaction refers to the process where users exchange cryptocurrencies on a blockchain.
Transaction Fee - is a payment that a user is obligated to pay in return for using the blockchain to complete a transaction.
Transaction ID (TXID) - a unique string of characters that identifies transactions on the blockchain.
Transaction Triggers - triggers that group various transactions and execute them if certain conditions are met.
Transactions Per Second (TPS) - a measure that indicates the number of transactions a network can process every second.
TRC-10 (TRON) - a token standard that is backed by the TRON blockchain and does not require the usage of the TRON Virtual Machine (TVM).
Treasury Bills (T-Bills) - short-term debt obligations issued by the US government.
Treasury Bond (T-Bond) - A Treasury Bond is a type of debt security that’s issued by the federal government of the United States.
Trust - defines a three-party arrangement where a trustor authorizes a trustee to hold specific assets for the benefit of the beneficiary.
Tumbler - a mixing service that makes cryptocurrency transactions more anonymous by breaking them down into smaller parts and mixing them with others.
Turing-Complete - refers to a system's prospective ability to solve all computation problems.
Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) - grants access only to those users who pass two different authentication forms.
Unconfirmed - A transaction that hasn't been added to the blockchain is considered to be unconfirmed.
United States House Committee on Financial Services (HFSC) - the U.S. House of Representatives committee that oversees various aspects of the U.S. economy and financial services.
Unpermissioned Ledger - is a type of ledger where anyone can manage the data within it.
Unrealized Profit & Loss - a theoretical profit or loss that appears on the balance sheet as a result of an investment that has not yet been liquidated for cash.
Unregulated - The term Unregulated defines the absence of control by a central authority.
Unspent Transaction Output (UTXO) - the unspent cryptocurrency that returns to the wallet after a transaction.
Unstoppable Domains - is a company that offers blockchain-based domain names to users.
US Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) - financial intelligence and enforcement agency.
Use Case - Use cases are examples of post-event communication between a human and a system or a system and another system.
User Interface (UI) - the interaction between a user and a digital device such as a computer, smartphone, or tablet.
Validator - a member of a Proof-of-Stake (PoS) blockchain network, responsible for validating new blocks.
Vanity Address - is a cryptocurrency public address that has distinctive letters and digits.
Vaporware - is a blockchain or software project that is only a concept and does not yet have a working product.
Venture Capital - (VC) is a form of funding offered to startups that hold the potential to grow exponentially.
Verification Code - acts as a layer of security whose main goal is to deny access to internet bots.
Virtual Automated Market Makers (vAMMs) - are a new type of AMM that enables to trade tokenized derivatives directly through the blockchain due to its synthetic liquidity.
Virtual Machine - a distributed system that is intended to mimic the architecture of a computer.
Virtual Private Network (VPN) - a technology used to provide privacy and anonymity by creating a safe and encrypted network on a public internet connection.
Virtual Reality (VR) - digital technology used to create an immersive simulation of a real or fictional world.
Virus - malicious software program that infects a computer to spy on, corrupt, or destroy the system.
Vladimir Club - a person who has acquired 0.01% of the maximum supply of a cryptocurrency is referred to as a member of this club.
Wallet - a device, physical entity, program, or service on which private or public keys are stored.
WallStreetBets (WSB) - a subreddit dedicated to conversations about options trading and stocks, often referred to simply as /r/wallstreetbets.
Wash Trade - Wash trading is a sort of market manipulation in which participants create false activity in the marketplace by selling and purchasing the same cryptocurrency at the same time.
Watchdog Organization - is a non-profit organization that supervises the actions of the government or other organizations in the interest of the public.
Watchlist - a feature of the website that allows users to establish their own cryptocurrency lists.
Weak Hands - a term that is usually used to describe a trader or investor who is compelled by fear to swiftly quit positions in response to nearly any negative news about the market.
Weak Subjectivity - the need for specific nodes to rely on other nodes when identifying the current state of a Proof-of-Stake blockchain.
Web 1.0 - is a term that describes the earliest stages of the World Wide Web (WWW), or the web.
Web 2.0 - a current version of the web that focuses on stability for front-end users, user-generated content, interoperability, and participatory culture.
Web 3.0 - is a new era of internet services that utilize powerful machine learning and artificial intelligence to link online-based apps and create a more customized web.
Web3 Foundation - a blockchain company that was developed to promote emerging decentralized web software protocols, technologies, and applications.
WebSocket - is a communication protocol that enables connections between a client and a server through a handshake.
Whale - a person who has big amounts of cryptocurrencies and can influence the market prices either by buying or selling them.
When Lambo - a phrase used to describe the point at which cryptocurrency holders will be rich enough to buy a Lamborghini.
Whiskers (Wicks) - the lines in a candlestick chart that extend from the colored bar and show the whole low-high range of a trading pair during a given time frame.
White Hat Computer Hacker - is someone who uses their knowledge and abilities to improve security by exposing flaws.
White Label - is a prepared solution with a market-ready back-end and an easy-to-configure front-end.
Whitelist - a list of individuals, organizations, computer programs, or even cryptocurrency addresses that are allowed and identified.
Whitepaper - summarizes the technology of a crypto project as well as what it hopes to achieve.
Winding Down - is the act of unwrapping tokens and returning them to their original condition in DeFi.
Winding Up - When someone says they’re Winding Up, it means that they’re wrapping crypto tokens for the purpose of finding the best yield.