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Crypto Terms:  Letter C
Jun 19, 2023 |
updated Apr 02, 2024

What is Collateral?

Collateral Meaning:
Collateral - an asset that acts as a security to ensure that borrowers repay their loans to lenders.
2 minutes

Let's find out Collateral meaning, definition in crypto, what is Collateral, and all other detailed facts.

Collateral is an asset that a borrower provides to a lender as a security measure when taking out a loan. Collateral acts as a reassurance that the borrower will return the loan to get it back. Otherwise, the lender will keep the collateral as the equivalent of the loan. The precise details of how the collateral works are agreed upon between the borrower and the lender.

Property is one of the most common types of collateral. Typically, property acts as collateral when customers take out a mortgage; it’s known as collateralized mortgage obligation (CMO). The loan is granted with the condition that the bank will take over the ownership of the property if the customer fails to pay it back.

Other assets can act as collateral, such as gold or silver jewelry, watches, or other valuables. The most important aspect of collateral is that it can be assigned a monetary value equal to or greater than the loan.

Collaterals act as a safety net, minimizing the risk for the lender. They ensure that even if the borrower fails to return the loan, the lender will have compensation for the money lent. If customers are borrowing smaller amounts, banks offer them collateral-free credit lines. If the loans surpass a designated limit, collateral can be required.

Collateral-backed loans typically offer better interest rates than loans without collateral. Interest rates for loans backed by collateral are lower because collateral already acts as an assurance that the borrower will repay the loan.

If a borrower fails to repay the loan, they must forfeit the collateral. It can help reduce the interest rates that the borrower would have to pay without collateral to reduce the overall amount.

The reliance on collateral is becoming increasingly common in cryptocurrency lending. Unique assets known as collateral tokens have been introduced to play a similar role in mitigating risk and providing reassurance to lenders.

Crypto loans are typically provided by cryptocurrency exchange platforms. They offer protocols for customers to ensure their collateral is secure. Furthermore, all information about the loan is recorded on the blockchain, ensuring transparency between the lender and the borrower.