Crypto Terms: Letter H

What is Hedge Contract?

Hedge Contract MEANING:
Hedge Contract - an agreement used by investors to protect their investments against market price fluctuations and possible financial loss.
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Let's find out Hedge Contract meaning, definition in crypto, what is Hedge Contract, and all other detailed facts.

A hedge contract is a security agreement that investors can use as insurance against any sudden, adverse market price changes. Businesses often add hedge contracts to their risk management strategies. They’re also useful to commodity producers, like farmers,  to ensure the protection of their assets in case of drastic price changes due to a bad harvest.

A hedge refers to an investment position that aims to offset any potential losses or gains that could incur due to a companion investment. Hedges can be used as a preventative measure against currency fluctuations or other financial risks. Hedging is defined as an act of taking a position in market A that would offset any potential gains or losses in market B.

Hedging helps evade any significant losses and reduces the risk of unexpected market moves invoking losses that exceed the initial investment. Investors rely on derivatives, such as options, futures, and swaps.

A hedge contract is similar to a forward contract. However, the two differ significantly in some regards.

Forward Contracts

A forward contract is defined as an agreement between two parties to buy and/or sell a certain agreed-upon amount of a commodity at a predetermined price on a specific date in the future. This allows the product costs to be fixed and may be advantageous to the buyer.

Forward contracts are considered to be hedging tools. They aim to mitigate the risks for both parties involved in the contract. If one party owns a significant amount of oil and has concerns about price fluctuations, they are able to buy a forward contract to ensure that the shipment of oil arrives at a fixed price, regardless of the market value.

Futures Contract

A futures contract is a financial agreement between two parties. It states that a commodity has to be bought or sold at a set price at a predetermined time in the future. The buyer assumes a long position, while the seller takes a short position. A transaction under a futures contract reduces the risk of financial loss by locking in the price before the transaction.

Futures contracts are standardized. This means that they can be traded on exchange platforms. The contract determines the quantity and quality of the commodity in question. Commodities such as agriculture, crude oil, and metals are traded using futures exchanges.