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HTML Basics: Main Concepts and Principles Explained

What Does HTML Stand For?

Html Basics
HTML is a universal language and one of the easiest for beginners to learn. It is the foundation of every website. HTML is used to create and structure pages, but if you want to give your website a sharp and dynamic look, you should combine HTML elements with CSS and JavaScript. Before that, you should get familiar with HTML basics and learn to use tags.

Tim Berners-Lee created HTML in 1990 and based it on the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). The main principle of HTML basics is surrounding text with angle-bracketed tags to apply a chosen element. However, do not consider HTML to be a programming language. It is a markup language, created to manipulate how a page is displayed.

What does HTML stand for? HTML is an acronym for Hypertext Markup Language, meant to help people to structure and format content so that Internet browsers would display pages correctly. Using HTML alone won't be enough to make your websites appealing. You should learn the Holy Trinity: HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Before you start learning HTML language basics, you have to keep in mind the importance of proper tag construction. Tags are divided into different categories according to their purpose:

  • The root element.
  • Document metadata.
  • Sections.
  • Grouping content.
  • Text-level semantics.
  • Edits.
  • Embedded content.
  • Tabular data.
  • Forms.
  • Interactive elements.
  • Scripting.

HTML will spice up your pages with interactive content, tables, audio, videos, etc.

A regular HTML tag consists of only a few components. It begins with an opening tag and ends with a closing tag which has to contain a forward slash before the tag name.

Less than and greater than angle brackets are used to enclose each tag. If you do not add a forward slash to the close tag, it won’t work. Some self-closing tags do not require the close tag, but that is the exception, not the rule.

Why You Should Learn HTML: Purpose and Use

After learning HTML basics, you will be able to perform many changes to your page:

  • Content structure: make your websites easy-to-read by dividing texts into paragraphs, lists, quotes, and headings.
  • Graphics: add images, music, interactive content, and videos into your website.
  • Meta tags: use them to tell search engines which keywords are related to your website.
  • Comments: include more information for people that will read your HTML code.
  • Trio: together with JavaScript, HTML, and CSS, you can create dynamic and interactive websites that will offer the best user experience.

Where to Start

If you are a beginner and have no clue where to start, we suggest these easy-to-follow steps for learning HTML:

  • HTML introduction is a great place to start your learning process. This tutorial will provide you with the main tips on using HTML tags. Furthermore, you will be able to analyze a basic HTML document after finishing it. You can practice now:
    <!DOCTYPE html>
     <title>Name of the website</title>
     <h1>Heading for the content below</h1>
     <p>Text text text</p>
  • The following tutorials cover various tags you can apply to your documents: elements, headings, paragraphs and so on. We also provide code examples for you to practice.
  • Click Try it Live button to make changes to the code and analyze the results instantly. This is where the button is usually placed:
    Html Basics
  • If you are struggling to master the advanced features of HTML, we suggest you continue learning with our interactive and video courses. You will find user-friendly tutorials that are designed for beginners that are just starting to grasp the HTML language basics.
  • HTML should not be the only language you decide to learn. We provide detailed tutorials on CSS and JavaScript as well. We highly recommend you to read these too, so you could build a unique and successful website.

What You Will Learn

Our tutorial is divided into separate parts, discussing different aspects of HTML basics. We start with the fundamentals and move on to more advanced topics. You'll know the essential principles before you start building complex structures.

You can see the list of tutorials in the sidebar menu on the left (if you are on mobile, click which is in the navigation bar). Don't hesitate and start!

Each tutorial contains information about tags and attributes relevant to the topic. Every HTML element is explained for you to understand and start using immediately.

Getting familiar with the tutorials, you'll notice that some of them contain the same tags and attributes. That's because some of them have more than one function. With every tutorial, you'll find an explanation of what a specific tag can do.

As we have mentioned, do not forget to improve your learning process with our interactive and video courses. In this course, you will be able to learn HTML language basics in only one hour! It is a perfect video course for beginners that want to start creating websites right away.