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HTML caption Tag

Reading time 1 min
Published Mar 21, 2019
Updated Sep 30, 2019

HTML caption: Main Tips

  • The HTML <caption> adds a table caption. As a standard, this element must be the first child of the <table>.
  • HTML table caption can be added below the table to mimic the regular way of presenting captions for figures or images by using CSS.

Use of caption

The HTML <caption> defines a table caption (or a HTML table title) for the <table> element.

Example
<table style="width: 100%; border: 1px solid;">
  <caption>Average Price List of Fruits [July 2017]</caption>
  <tr>
    <th>Fruits</th>
    <th>Prices</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Apple</td>
    <td>€0.60</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Banana</td>
    <td>€0.32</td>
  </tr>
</table>

To make the table caption appear at the bottom of a table, use the caption-side CSS property:

Example
caption {
   caption-side: bottom;
}

align (DEPRECATED)

It sets the alignment for the table caption. No longer used in HTML5.

Example
<table style="width: 100%; border: 1px solid;">
  <caption align="bottom">Average Price List of Fruits [July 2017]</caption>
  <tr>
    <th>Fruits</th>
    <th>Prices</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Apple</td>
    <td>€0.60</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Banana</td>
    <td>€0.32</td>
  </tr>
</table>

Browser support

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Chrome
All
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Edge
All
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Firefox
1+
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IE
All
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Opera
All
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Safari
All

Mobile browser support

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Chrome
All
Browser image
Firefox
4+
Browser image
Opera
All
Browser image
Safari
All