- Date methods allow you to set years, months, days, hours, minutes, etc.
- If you are getting or setting a date without defining the time zone, the time will be chosen according to the browser's time zone.
Creating Date Objects
new Date() new Date(milliseconds) new Date(dateString) new Date(year, month, day, hours, minutes, seconds, milliseconds)
new Date() property takes it from the browser and then displays it:
var d = new Date();
Note: months start at index 0 (January) and ends at 11 (December).
new Date(string), it will create date object with specified time and date:
var d = new Date("January 20, 2016 13:30:00");
new Date(number) creates a date with 0 time, which means the value of the date object will be 01 January 1970 00:00:00 UTC, plus the number you entered:
var d = new Date(86400000);
new Date(7 numbers) will create an object that will display the years, months, days, hours, minutes, seconds, and milliseconds of the date:
var d = new Date(99,5,24,11,33,30,0);
The code in the example below allows you to pass any four parameters:
var d = new Date(99,5,24,10);
Note: if you specify the year by only using two numbers, the program will read it as 19xx.
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Displaying dates in HTML code will automatically convert it to a string:
var d = new Date();
It is identical to using a
d = new Date(); document.getElementById("example").innerHTML = d.toString();
toDateString() method converts date to a more readable format than the previous one:
var d = new Date(); document.getElementById("example").innerHTML = d.toDateString();
toUTCString() function will convert the date object to a UTC string (a date display standard):
var d = new Date(); document.getElementById("test").innerHTML = d.toUTCString();
- You can display either date, time, or both.