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The CSS Background-Clip Property

Reading time 1 min
Published Aug 8, 2017
Updated Oct 1, 2019

Explaining the background clip

The CSS background-clip property is used to define the area to which the element's background extends:

Example
div {
    background-clip: content-box;
    border: 5px dotted black;
    padding: 20px;
    background: lightblue;
}

Note: this property is neither inheritable nor animatable.

Syntax for the background-clip

The syntax for the CSS background-clip property is simple:

background-clip: value;

You can define one out of four possible property values which we explain in the next section.

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Property values

Each element in CSS has three areas which can also be called boxes:

  • the content box holds the actual content of the element (e.g., text or images).
  • the padding box holds the content box plus its padding.
  • the border box holds the padding box (with the content box inside) plus its border.

Background Clip

The CSS background-clip property values are set according to these boxes as well:

Property Description
border-box Makes CSS background clip to the border box (the default value)
padding-box Makes CSS background clip to the padding box
content-box Makes CSS background clip to the content box
text Makes CSS background clip to the text only (an experimental value)

Browser support

Browser image
Chrome
1+
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Edge
12+
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Firefox
4+
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IE
9+
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Opera
10.5+
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Safari
3+

Mobile browser support

Browser image
Chrome
18+
Browser image
Firefox
14+
Browser image
Opera
11+
Browser image
Safari
1+

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