Web Development

How To Become A Programmer

Are you sick of your current career? In a dead-end job that isn’t taking you anywhere? Have you been researching how to become a programmer or how to learn programming? If so, then this article is for you!

In this article I will teach you how to become a programmer with a simple step by step guide. We will look at a variety of different topics that are directly related to programming, and by the end you should be able to answer questions like:

  • What does a computer programmer do?
  • How to become a programmer?
  • How to learn programming?
We will cover some of the different types of programmers, the main languages you should focus on learning according to what sort of programmer you want to become, and what the best way to learn these languages is. We will cover everything that you need to know until you land your first job, and I have even included some bonus tips that are based on my own personal experience – enjoy!

What Does A Computer Programmer Do?

Before we start looking at how to become a programmer, I need to make sure that you have a complete understanding of what a computer programmer does. Basically, a programmer is someone who writes code that tells a computer or some other device what to do.

In the case of a software developer, they take a concept or design and write the code that tells the computer how to execute this concept. In the case of someone like a web developer, they take a proposed website design and build it by writing the necessary code. In most situations, a computer programmer is building or creating something based on someone else’s design parameters. However, there are some programmers who design their own programs, so this is always an option if you’re an entrepreneurial kind of person!

Now that we have answered the question ‘What does a computer programmer do?’, let’s move onto how to learn programming and become a good programmer.

How To Become A Programmer: Step By Step Guide

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Learning programming is hard, I’m not going to lie. However, when you compare it to other skills and career paths, becoming a programmer will be one of the easiest choices you make!

  • Programmers work in a very exciting field where every day brings new challenges and new knowledge.
  • Programmers have the opportunity to work for themselves, to work whatever hours they want, and to work from home if they want to.
  • Programming is very easy to learn when compared to other skills that can take three or more years at university. Sure, you could waste a few years of your life and learn programming at uni, but why would you when you can learn it in a few months online?
As you can see, there are plenty of reasons why you would want to become a programmer. Luckily for you, I’m here to show you exactly how to do just that in seven simple steps. Read on to learn more!

Step 1: Understand Why You Want To Start Programming

The first, and definitely one of the most important steps to becoming a decent programmer is identifying your reasons for starting to program. Sit down and have a good hard think about the following questions, as your answers will help you decide exactly what path to take:

Why do you want to learn programming?

This is a very important question that you absolutely must ask yourself before you go any further. Do you want to turn it into a career? Do you have a project or concept that you want to turn into a reality on your own? Or do you simply want to learn how to be a programmer because it’s something that’s ‘cool’ at the moment? Answer honestly, because the language that you choose to learn will depend on your answer to this question.

What do you hope to do with your new knowledge?

Again, you need to identify exactly what you want to do with your new programming knowledge. For example, the courses you need to take and the languages you need to learn if you want to become a software developer or systems engineer will be a lot different to the skills you need to make a few changes to the layout of your personal blog.

Are you serious about learning to program?

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This a very important question to ask. Are you really serious about learning how to be a good programmer and in getting a job in the field, or is it just a passing fad? If you are serious, then you need to be able to allocate as much time as possible to learning programming skills so that you can start working ASAP!

What sort of programming do you want to do?

More on this in Step 2, but you need to think closely about what sort of programming you want to do and what field you want to go into. Do you want to become a back-end web developer? A software engineer? Or do you want to work on something like artificial intelligence (AI) or another emerging technology? The answer to this question will help shape the learning pathway that you take, so be honest with yourself.

Once you have answered these questions honestly and recorded your answers, it’s time to move onto step two: choosing what sort of programming you want to do and then we’ll move on to the question on how to become a programmer.

Step 2: Decide What Field You Want To Go Into

There are a variety of different types of programming. When you are figuring out how to learn programming, you need to think very carefully about what field you are planning on looking for work in. Some of the most popular types of programmers include:

Web developers

Web developers can be further separated into front-end (client-side) and back-end (server-side) developers. Front-end programmers are responsible for writing the code that dictates what a website looks like and how its content is presented. Back-end programmers are required to write web apps and other complicated programs which provide the framework for the website to run on.

Software programmers

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Software programmers are – as you can probably guess – responsible for creating software. They usually take a design or a concept that someone else has come up with and write the code to turn it into a working product.

Data scientists

Data scientists usually work in research or academia, where they use Python almost exclusively to analyse and manipulate scientific data. Data scientists are often researchers in their own right, and they often use code to make their job easier.  

Database Administrator

Database administrators have a number of rolls. They are mainly responsible for taking large amounts of company data and securing, organising, and analysing it. If you love statistics and consumer data analysis, you should take a closer look at what a database administrator does.

Mobile app development

As the number of smartphone users grows, the demand for exciting new mobile apps also grows. Mobile app development is quickly becoming one of the most lucrative programming fields, especially if you are good at working on your own. Freelance work is very common for mobile programmers.

Other roles

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The above are just some of the most common programming jobs. If none of them appeal to you, do some more research and discover what other jobs are out there. New job titles and roles are being created all the time as technology evolves, so make sure that you follow the latest industry news and network with your fellow programmers.

Step 3: Learn A Programming Language (Or Three)

Once you have settled on a programming field, you need to learn the languages that are relevant to that field. For example, you will need SQL to become a database administrator, CSS, and JavaScript to become a front-end web developer, and something like Java or Swift if you want to start building mobile apps.

Below are some of the most popular programming languages and their uses. Make sure that you do your research to ensure that you are learning the right languages for the field that you are hoping to get into.


One of the most versatile and widespread programming languages in the world, Python is a great choice for people who want to work in data science, software development, or pretty much any other programming field. Python is also used in a number of emerging technologies like machine learning and artificial intelligence.

Learning Python has never been easier than it is now. Choose from one of three BitDegree courses: (1) The Python Tutorial will teach you the basics of Python syntax and how to write code using Python; (2) The Learning Python from Scratch course is perfect for complete programming beginners; and (3) Learn Python Basics course will give you an overview of the language and its many uses.


If you want to get into any sort of front-end web development, then HTML and CSS are an absolute must. Although they are two separate languages, they are almost exclusively used together to create engaging, cleverly designed web pages. Learn HTML and CSS together with the Interactive Coding for Beginners course, or learn them on their own with one of the Comprehensive HTML5 Tutorial or the CSS Coding for Beginners course.


JavaScript is another versatile programming language which is used for a number of things. If you want to learn how to become a programmer, JavaScript could be a good place to start. It is used for interactive front-end web design, back-end web app development, game development, and even in robotics!

You can learn JavaScript using one of the courses on the BitDegree platform. Choose from the Interactive JavaScript Tutorial, which will teach you how to code in JavaScript in a fun, engaging manner, or the Learn JavaScript in 1 Hour video course, which will go over the basics of JavaScript and how it can be used.

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If you want to learn how to become a computer programmer, learn Java. Java is up there with Python as one of the most versatile languages in the world. It is quite simple to learn, it reads like English, and it is a favorite among beginners. It is used for everything from Android mobile app development to back-end web app development, and you can learn it via the Learn Java 101 course.


Swift was recently released by Apple with the aim of making iOS app development simpler and more straightforward. It is much easier to use than C# – the language traditionally used by Apple – and allows beginners to build mobile iOS apps without too much trouble. If you want to learn how to be a programmer for iOS apps, learn Swift! Both the Beginner-Friendly Swift Tutorial and the Learn Swift Programming course are a great choice to get you started.


If you’re wondering how to become a programmer that works with blockchain technologies, then Solidity is your answer. Solidity is probably the least well-known and the least popular programming language on this list. It is used to develop smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain. The rise of cryptocurrencies and blockchain has led for an increase in the demand for Solidity developers, which is why we have included it here. Learn how to be a good programmer with Solidity by taking either the Interactive Learn Solidity course or the Solidity Space Doggos course.


The last language on our list, Ruby, has become popular due to its uses as a full-stack web development language. Originally designed in Japan for building games, Ruby is another versatile language with a number of use cases, and it’s definitely worth considering if you want to get into web or game development. Have a look at the Learn Ruby on Rails course if you’re interested.

Step 4: Practice, Practice & Practice Some More

So you want to know how to become a programmer right? Well, here’s a little secret for you:

You have to practice. You have to practice a lot!

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That’s right (surprise surprise), the key to becoming a good programmer is practice! Practice writing code from the moment you start learning. Download a code editor in your browser and write your own little programs. Share them and ask other people to critique your code. Try and learn something new every single day, and practice until you are completely fluent in all aspects of your chosen languages.

Step 5: Start Building A Portfolio Of Work

While you are practising, you need to start building a portfolio. Want to know how to become a computer programmer? Well, one of the keys is having a decent portfolio that you can show to prospective employers.

When you go to apply for a job as an entry level programmer, remember that there are probably at least a few other people who are applying for the same job. You need to do something that makes you stand out above and ahead of the crowd. A portfolio is a great way to do this.

While you are learning how to become a programmer, save all of the little bits of code that you write. Store them somewhere – a website is a great idea, as you can customize or even build it using your coding knowledge – and make them accessible to potential employers when you’re applying for a job.

Step 6: Apply For Jobs

By now you’re well on the way to learning how to be a good programmer. You have picked a programming field, you have started to learn the skills and programming languages that you will need, and you have started practising writing your own code. You have put together a portfolio that showcases all of your work, and you have (hopefully) crafted a new resume.

You may have guessed it already, but it’s time to start applying for jobs! Search for entry level programming jobs that are related to the languages that you have learnt and the type of programming that you want to do. Send your resume and any other information that the potential employers want, and cross your fingers while you wait for a reply.

Even if you don’t hear back from any job applications for a while, the simple act of applying is good practice. In the same way, don’t expect to land a job from your first interview. If you haven’t done an interview for a serious job before, you will probably be nervous and you might make mistakes. Consider your first few interviews practice. Keep on applying, and you will eventually get offered your first job as a professional programmer!

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In the meantime, consider taking freelance jobs to keep honing your skills and to make sure that your programming skills don’t get rusty.

Step 7: Never Stop Learning!

As you can imagine, programming is a rapidly developing field. Learning how to become a programmer today won’t necessarily give you the skills that you need to remain a good programmer for the next few decades. You need to keep learning new skills and new languages.

I find it a good practice to try and learn something new every day. This could be a new piece of syntax, a new tool that you can use with your favorite language, or a new way of writing a program. It doesn’t matter, as long as you continue to learn!

Bonus: Top Tips For Becoming A Programmer!

Congratulations, by now you should understand exactly how to become a computer programmer. I have put together the following bonus tips for people who really want to learn programming, but are having trouble getting started. Whether you are lacking motivation, are having trouble learning the syntax, or simply don’t know where to start, the following should help you to understand how to become a programmer:

  1. You can never know too much, but you need to start simple. Focus on one language to begin with, and don’t move to the next until you have a good grip of the first. Otherwise you might get confused.
  2. Start taking freelance jobs as soon as you can. Look on Upwork and other freelance platforms, and find jobs that are suited to your skill level. Remember, even having a little bit of programming knowledge means that you have more than most people.
  3. Stop worrying about how to be a programmer, and just start learning. Sure, it will be difficult to start with, but things will start to make more sense as you learn. The trick is not to bite off too much to start with.
  4. Ask for help. The coding community is super friendly and most people are willing to help fellow programmers learn. Join an online discussion board or chat room, and ask for help when you need it.
  5. In the same way, don’t be afraid to ask other people to improve your code – in fact, a lot of people will jump at the chance, because it will help them learn too!
What are you waiting for? Get out there and start learning how to become a programmer!


It doesn’t matter if you have been searching for the answer to how to become a programmer for months, or if you have just stumbled across this article today. Programming is a very diverse field, and it offers something for everyone. It doesn’t matter if you’re an 18 year old school leaver or a 40 year old tradesman – if you are really willing to set your mind to it, you can learn to become a programmer.

This step by step guide should give you the most important information you need to start becoming a programmer. It outlines some of the different jobs available for programmers, some of the most popular languages for beginners to learn, and a range of other things that will be useful to you as you start to code.

Remember, anyone can learn to code. The hardest part is getting started, so choose a free online course and dip your toes in today. You won’t look back – trust me!

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