Since its beginnings at the end of the 20th century, the internet has grown exponentially. In the modern world, pretty much everyone has internet access of some form and a huge percentage of people actually use the internet every single day. Web development is quickly becoming one of the most attractive and best paid career choices in the modern world. But what is a web developer and what exactly does one do?
You may have thought about learning a programming language or two and becoming a web developer. If you have, you probably have a few questions, such as:
- What is a web developer?
- What is web development?
- What do web developers do?
- How to be a web developer?
Luckily for you, we understand that aspiring web developers will have questions about the profession, which is why we have put together this comprehensive guide, which aims to answer the above questions and more.
Now, to find out what is a web developer let’s begin with:
Table of Contents
- 1 What Does A Web Developer Do?
- 2 What Types Of Web Developer Are There?
- 3 How To Be A Web Developer
- 4 Web Design vs Web Development
- 5 Popular Languages For Web Development
- 6 So, What is a Web Developer?
What Does A Web Developer Do?
To answer the question “What is a web developer?”, we must first look at what a web developer does and how they do it.
Basically, a web developer or programmer is someone who takes a web design – which has been created by either a client or a design team – and turns it into a website. They do this by writing lines and lines of complicated code, using a variety of languages. Web developers have quite a difficult job, because they essentially have to take a language we understand, such as English, and translate it into a language that a computer understands, such as Python or HTML.
As you can imagine, this can take a lot of time and effort, and requires an intricate understanding of various programming languages and how they are used. Different types of developers specialise in different areas, which means that large web projects are usually a collaboration between a number of different developers.
What Types Of Web Developer Are There?
Unfortunately, the question “What does a web developer do?” doesn’t have one simple answer. As noted above, there are a number of different types of web developers, each of which focuses on a different aspect of the creation of a website.
The three main types of developer are front-end, back-end, and full-stack. Front-end developers are responsible for the parts of a website that people see and interact with, back-end developers are responsible for the behind the scenes code that controls how a website loads and runs, and full-stack developers do a bit of everything.
Below is a deeper explanation of the three main types of web developers and what they do:
So, what do web developers do when they work on the front end of a website?
- They make sure that all of the content that is needed for the website is clear, visible, and found in the right place. In some cases front-end developers may also have content writing skills, allowing them to create the content for the website as they go.
- They make sure that the right colors are in the right places, especially with respect to text colors, background colors, and headers. Some of the best front-end developers are also very good designers, allowing them to tweak things as they go.
- They make sure that all outbound links are correctly formatted, that all buttons work properly, and that the website is responsive and attractive. Mobile design is usually a big part of the job, while it is also important to make sure that a website will display correctly on all web browsers.
As you can see, the answer to the question “What is a web developer?” certainly isn’t simple. Even front-end developers have it tough, and this is probably the simplest of the three types of development to learn.
While it may seem like front-end developers have a difficult job making sure that a website looks great, works well, and contains the correct content, back-end developers actually have it much worse. While front-end developers are responsible for client-side programming, back-end developers have to deal with the server-side.
This means that they have to create the code and programs which power the website’s server, databases, and any applications that it contains. The most important thing as a back-end developer is the ability to be able to create clean, efficient code which does what you want it to in the quickest way possible. Since website speed is a major consideration when it comes to search engine optimisation (SEO), it is a large factor when developing the back-end.
Since different websites have different needs, a back-end developer must be flexible, able to create different programs, and they absolutely must have a clear, in-depth understanding of the languages that they use. This is very important to make sure that they can come up with the most efficient method of creating the required program, while making sure that it is secure, scalable, and easy to maintain.
If you are looking for a quick, simple answer to the question “What is a web developer?”, then a full-stack developer is probably the closest thing that you’re going to get. Full-stack developers understand both front and back-end strategies and processes, which means that they are perfectly positioned to oversee the entire process.
In the case of small websites which don’t have a huge development budget, a full-stack developer will often be employed to build the entire website. In this case, it is extremely important for them to have a complete, in-depth understanding of both front and back-end development and how they work.
Learning full-stack development techniques has a huge range of benefits, including:
- You will end up with the knowledge to be able to create an entire website on your own. This makes you a lot more employable, increasing your job security in the future.
- As a full-stack developer you will understand the connections between the front and back-ends of a website, allowing you do build efficient and effective programs for all parts of the website.
- Full-stack developers are often employed to oversee large projects for big web development companies. Positions like this are likely to be paid more than standard web development positions, making them more attractive to developers.
Although most developers start out with either front or back-end specialisations, there are a lot of reasons why you should consider branching out and learning both. It will make you a lot more employable, will give you a greater understanding of the whole concept of what is web development, and will make it easier for you to create entire websites on your own.
How To Be A Web Developer
Now that we have started to answer the question of “What is a web developer?”, it’s time to start looking at how to be a web developer. While a lot of people do their research, decide on programming languages to learn, and have a good go at learning web development, the majority of them fail due to a distinctive lack of direction.
If you are serious about building a career for yourself as an experienced web developer, then you need to make sure that you start out with a clear vision of how you are going to achieve this. The following steps should help guide you:
- Start by deciding what sort of developer you want to become. Obviously, the languages and techniques that you learn will depend on whether you want to focus on front or back-end development to begin with.
- Choose a decent course. Next, you need to choose a course or a couple of courses that will teach you the basics of web development. BitDegree offers a number of introductory web development courses, including their Interactive Coding for Beginners course, which introduces CSS, HTML, and web development.
- Create a learning plan. Everyone needs a bit of motivation from time to time, otherwise we simply don’t do the things that we need to. As you start out on your journey towards becoming a web developer, it is important for you to start building a bit of a learning schedule. Set aside a certain amount of hours per week for your courses, and make sure that you set yourself realistic goals.
As you can see, it really isn’t that hard to become a web developer. Sure, it will take a lot of time, effort, and work, but you can do it if you want. Once you have come to a clear understanding of ‘what is web development’ and ‘what does a web developer do’ it will only get easier.
Web Design vs Web Development
Now, we need to digress for a moment to address an important point that often comes up when people start talking about web development – the web design vs web development debate. Are they different? Are they the same thing?
Really, the answer is no, web design and web development are not the same, but of course, it depends on how you define ‘design’ and ‘development’. For the purposes of our article, we have assumed that a designer and a developer are different, and that they have the following roles:
The web designer is the person or group of people who are responsible for the creation of the website concept. They might decide that it needs to be a certain color, with certain content and pages. They may do things like creating infographics, logos, and videos, and they definitely tell the developer where these things have to be put on the web page. However, they don’t take part in the construction of the website or the underlying code.
The web developer takes the designer’s concepts and creates the code that is used to turn them into a website and bring them to people like you and me. It is important to realise that, although the web developer and the designer may be the same person – there is almost always some overlap between design and front-end development – the roles are different.
If you want to be a designer, you won’t necessarily have to learn any code at all. Likewise, a developer doesn’t need to have any graphic design skills at all. From this, it follows that ‘designing a website’ is definitely not part of the answer to ‘What is a web developer?’.
Popular Languages For Web Development
Now, it is very important to realise that there are a range of different languages which are used for web development. As noted above, front and back-end developers will need to learn different languages, while full-stack developers will need a working knowledge of all the major web development languages.
With this in mind, we have put together a list of some of the most common languages for web developers to learn, along with an explanation of what they are used for and how you can learn them.
HTML is an essential language if you want to become any sort of front-end web developer. To explain it fully, I need you to do something for me:
Right click in your browser window, and select ‘view page source’.
You should be taken to a new tab containing all of the information which goes into the creation of this webpage. What you are seeing is mainly HTML code. It tells the website what content to display and to some extent, how to display it. At the top of the page, on the first line, you will see the <!DOCTYPE html> command. This tells your web browser to expect HTML code.
If you explore further, you will start to recognise things on the page. You will see some commands that you understand, such as ‘link’, ‘image’, or ‘video’. These are all content commands which tell your browser what to show, where to get the content from, and how to show it.
HTML is a very easy language to learn, and it is usually the first one learnt by new programmers. If you are interested in exploring HTML and front-end web development further, consider enrolling in the HTML Coding for Beginners Course or the Comprehensive HTML5 Tutorial.
CSS is the second of the essential front-end languages, and is also one which every front-end developer must be fluent in. CSS code is used in conjunction with HTML. While HTML tells the webpage what content to display, CSS tells the webpage how to display the content – it’s a ‘styling’ language.
Once you have learnt CSS, you will be able to do a wide range of things, including:
- Changing colors. CSS allows you to change the color of pretty much everything from your paragraph text to your background to your table borders.
- Changing fonts. CSS also lets you choose the fonts that you are going to use on your website and where you are going to use them.
- Positioning elements. HTML lets you add images and videos to your webpage, but CSS lets you tell the browser how big to make them and where to display them.
- Changing text size. Are you building a website designed for people with poor eyesight? If so, you will need to use your knowledge of CSS coding to make your text larger.
As you can see, CSS plays a big role in defining what is a web developer, especially with respect to front-end developers.
If you would like to learn CSS, try the CSS Coding for Beginners course, which will teach you the basics of CSS in under an hour. Alternatively, try Interactive Coding for Beginners, which will give you an insight into the basics of HTML, CSS, and responsive web development.
Historically, PHP has dominated definitions of what is a web developer. Known as the language of the internet, it is currently used in some form on over 80% of websites in existence. Although it is slowly decreasing in popularity, PHP is still a great language for any back-end web developer to learn.
PHP is very easy to learn and is quite easy to use, which makes it very popular for beginner back-end developers. It is very popular on small websites built on platforms like WordPress or Wix, and there are plenty of freelance work opportunities for PHP developers.
If this sparks your interest, consider taking an online PHP course. Note that it is very important to take an up to date course, like those offered by BitDegree, as older versions of the language are quite different to the modern version (PHP7).
BitDegree offers two major PHP courses: the Learn PHP Online tutorial and the Become a PHP Specialist course. Take a look at both of these and choose the one which you think is most relevant to your desired career path.
The last of the languages on our list, Java, has been a major part of what is a web developer for years. It is an old language, and is popular for a variety of different programming uses. From a web development sense, Java is used to create responsive, scalable web apps which are used for responsive, fast website design.
Java is an essential language for many back-end developers. It is quite easy to learn, which makes it beginner friendly, and it is very easy to use. It is super scalable, which makes it popular among larger websites like eBay and Amazon, and it is very easy to maintain.
If you would like to have a go at learning Java, have a look at the online Learn Java 101 course. This course will teach you the basics of how to code with Java, what Java is used for, and how to build server-side (back-end) programs.
So, What is a Web Developer?
What is a web developer? What does a web developer do?
Hopefully, after reading this article, you can answer both of these questions. The question “What is a web developer?” is easily answered:
A web developer is someone who constructs the code that builds websites and tells our internet browsers – like Chrome, Internet Explorer, and Safari – how to display them.
As far as what a web developer does – see above.
If you would like to become a web developer, you must first choose between front-end, back-end, and full-stack development. You will need to learn the relevant languages, and you will need to practice building websites and the applications which run them.
Good luck, have fun, and get out there and start learning!