Comparisons Web Development

PHP VS JavaScript: A Thorough Comparison

PHP VS JavaScript: A Thorough Comparison

Comparing PHP vs JavaScriptProgramming. For some, it’s a distant concept that is somewhere in the same difficulty realm with rocket science. For others, it might be a hobby – an activity that you’d like to utilize to relax after a long day at work. And then there’s the third group – people who use programming daily for work purposes.

Whichever group of people defines you the best, one thing is undeniable – programming is a great career path to follow. That being said, there are many different programming languages that you could learn and use – which is the best one? To find this out, you should take it two languages at a time, comparing and contrasting them. In this PHP VS JavaScript tutorial, we are going to do just that.

We’ll start by quickly outlining the main reasons why people choose to learn programming. After that, we’ll move on to speaking about what is PHP used for and what is JavaScript used for. Finally, after filtering out the main criteria of our comparison, we’ll use it to see which one of the two programming languages you should be learning.

Benefits of Learning Programming

Even though we hear about programming all the time, an average person would rarely stop and think “why should I learn to programme?” and not come up with the immediate and only conclusion – salary. There are many, many reasons why it’s worth studying programming and learning the differences in PHP VS JavaScript, and the salary is just one of them.

First of all, let’s assume that you’d like to learn programming purely out of personal interest, and you’re not looking to change your career. If nothing else, programming can be a great tool to jumpstart your brain. This is true for all similar hobbies that involve a lot of thinking, but doing a little programming can work wonders of getting you “in the mood”.

If, however, you’ve decided to turn to programming in search of a new career path, there are multiple benefits that you’re likely to encounter. To begin with, career stability is probably very important to everyone who wants to plan out their future. Well, programming is infamous for providing just that. Since there are new start-ups and up-and-coming companies that deal with programming every single day, the job market is yet to experience a shortage of a need for programmers. This is an amazing feature since there are very few jobs in the world that could boast an almost guaranteed career path.

There are many different pros and benefits to learning programming, and you shouldn’t think that the programmer’s salary is the only “great thing” about the job. Since you can now have a better idea about the profession of programming in general, let’s move on to talking about the individual programming languages of the PHP VS JavaScript discussion. We’ll start with PHP.

PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor

Logo of PHP vs JavascriptPHP is a popular scripting language mostly used in the field of web development. If you’re completely new to programming, you might say – so it’s not a “programming” language? It is – the ‘scripting’ part means that PHP supports scripts that allow developers and programmers to automate certain specific processes, thus saving a lot of time and avoiding manual programming.

PHP was conceived and created in 1994, by Mr. Rasmus Lerdorf. Since then, it has received multiple different updates and is now considered to be one of the most popular programming languages in the field of web development. The popularity of PHP stems from a few key strong-points of the language – let’s quickly run through them.

First of all, PHP is considered to be a great choice if you want to work fast. This is because a well-made PHP framework will be able to make and perform the best decisions when it comes to solving different issues, thus speeding up the whole development process by quite a bit. This hasty development is made available thanks to the constantly growing open source PHP community worldwide – it’s an important point in the PHP vs JavaScript comparison.

Another great thing about PHP is that it’s a very team-friendly scripting language. If you’re learning programming, chances are that you want to become a developer in a company. This means that you’ll have to be working with a team of people, which isn’t always all that easy! That being said, if the company uses PHP for its web platform development needs, the introductory and learning processes should be very smooth and fluid. Since there’s a lot of information about the language online, employers are more flexible with hiring less-experienced developers, since they know that there’s a lot of great content to learn from.

Now that you’re a bit more familiar with the general idea of the scripting language and know what is PHP used for, let’s transition this PHP vs JavaScript article and talk about JavaScript.

JavaScript

PHP vs Javascript logoWhat is JavaScript used for? Well, JavaScript (or sometimes simply referred to as JS) is very similar to PHP in terms of it also being a scripting language that automates specific runtime processes. JS was created in 1995 (which makes it one year younger than PHP) by Mr. Brendan Eich. JavaScript, as the name probably implies, is heavily “in-line” with Java – these two languages share a very similar syntax.

You will find that JavaScript is often regarded as being more “flexible” than, for example, PHP. This is mostly because JS is very easily insertable into most web pages out there, while some certain page extensions may cause problems with programming languages such as PHP. It’s just something to keep in mind moving forward with our PHP VS JavaScript article.

Even though we’ll talk about this a bit later on in the JavaScript VS PHP comparison tutorial, it is important to mention that both of these scripting languages are, by comparison, very popular and have huge online communities dedicated to their preservation, updates, discussions, and general well-being. Community support is very important, and we’ll talk about why that’s the case soon enough.

So, with all of that said, you should now have a pretty good idea of what is JavaScript used for, and how both of these programming languages fair against each other, in general. All that’s left now is to provide the actual PHP VS JavaScript comparison, right? Well, close, but not quite yet. Before we do that, it’s important to establish some key points of what makes a good programming language. Once we have these, it will be easier to compare the two scripting languages against one another.

What Are The Key Differences?

Having painted the basic view of both client-side scripting languages allows us to dive a little bit deeper and see some key differences between them.

Main Function

One of the main purposes that PHP serves is web development and mainly working with the server. It is used for back-end purposes, that determine the whole engine of the website. The user does not get to see a lot of PHP though, while it is executed on the server itself, the final view is the result of HTML.

On the other side, JavaScript can be used for a lot more purposes than just front-end development. This makes a PHP vs JavaScript comparison a bit unequal since they are not used for the same purposes. While it is true that JS is great for designing interactive web elements, it is also used for game, mobile, website and server applications. Talking about game development, it is important to distribute that JS is used for browser-based games. It is also a good competitor for such programming languages like Swift or Java.

The biggest company names that use PHP – Facebook, WhatsApp, Slack, Lyft. For JavaScript – Instagram, Reddit, Airbnb.

Ease of Use

Talking about ease of programming languages, especially PHP vs JavaScript, if you’re a complete beginner in the field of programming, you’d probably want to take as easy of a route as possible. While that does sound rather appealing, many industry veterans are very adamant on the point that this is a really bad way of looking at it. What they mean is that taking the easiest road while learning might be harmful to the further development of your skills.

Because of its’ wider range of use, JavaScript is considered to be a little bit harder to learn than PHP. The complexity of purposes that JS is used for overwhelms PHP, therefore it is both – learning and using later on that makes JavaScript more difficult. On the other hand, PHP is a bit simpler and has a huge library that makes it very comfortable to use.

Security

While there are many important aspects when comparing client-side languages, so usually stand out as more important to users. One of them is the security of the language, and in the PHP vs JavaScript review, PHP is considered to the more secure. The reason for that is that the PHP code is not visible to the users in the browser. Therefore, JavaScript, being mostly a front-end language in web development, is more vulnerable and typically has more security breaches.

What About The Salary?

According to Glassdoor.com, a PHP developer can expect to earn almost $94,000 per year or around $7830 per month. On the other hand, JavaScript developers are estimated to make USD 72,500 per year, which comes out to be a bit over $6040.

So, which one of the programming languages wins in the PHP VS JavaScript debate? Well, while PHP does have a better salary, JavaScript tends to be a bit easier to get the hang of. Ultimately, it all boils down to your personal preferences.

Conclusions

I hope that the information presented within was useful to you and that you’ve found out what you came here to learn. Remember – in the end, the outcome of the JavaScript versus PHP debate all depends on you. If you want to learn more about different programming languages hop into our courses section and find the best one for you.

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