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In the time that it takes for one of our Bitcoin transactions to be processed, another coin called Stellar Lumens can make anywhere between 120 to 200 transactions in the same amount of time.

By the end of this guide, you’ll understand what Stellar Lumens is and how it can be used. You’ll also get a firmer sense of the security features and potential uses for the coin.

Also, if the Stellar coin seems like something that might interest you, do make sure that you check it out only on some reliable crypto exchange platforms - Binance is the usual choice, but Simplex might prove to be a viable alternative! You are also able to store your Stellar coins in the Ledger Nano X hardware wallet.

We’ll begin by talking about some of the basic features of the coin, so let’s get started!

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  • Super-small transaction fees
  • Fast transactions
  • Scalable
  • Backed up by large financial organisations


  • Some uncertainty surrounding the team behind Stellar
  • Not completely "in-line" with the concept of decentralization

What are Stellar Lumens?

You may have heard of it before, but up until you start reading, you might have found yourself asking the question “what are Stellar Lumens?

Well, in 2014, Stellar Lumens set out to narrow the gap between the crypto and the financial worlds. Since then, Stellar cryptocurrency has taken on a string of partnerships with some of the biggest companies in tech and finance. The partnerships include IBM, Stripe, and Deloitte, as well as at least a dozen payment processors and financial institutions in Europe and Asia.

Stellar Lumens: Stellar official logo.

Stellar’s main goal is to become the world’s digital payment rail by connecting people, banks and payment systems. It allows you to transfer money to anyone, anywhere, quickly and securely, with a transaction cost of less than a penny. This fee alone may put Western Union out of the game.

Some argue that Stellar crypto started as a hard fork from the Ripple protocol. Interestingly, Jed McCaleb who founded Stellar Lumens coin also founded Ripple. However, Jed McCaleb has said himself on his Twitter page that the two tokens have different codes and ARE NOT A FORK. You can debate back and forth about this, but the past won’t tell you about the exciting future Stellar coin has ahead of it.

If Stellar isn't a Ripple fork, What is it?

The main difference between the coins is that Stellar Lumens targets individuals, while Ripple targets financial institutions, including some of the biggest banks in the world.

To put it into perspective, Stellar’s target users are everyday people, such as the Islanders in the South Pacific who are using XLM cryptocurrency to fuel retail payments. Ripple, on the other hand, targets some of the largest banks in the world, such as Santander, Bank of America, and HSBC.

The stellar coin is also different from Ripple because of the type of business behind the coin, as the Stellar Foundation is a non-profit organization. This means that they receive tax exemptions, there are no shareholders, and no dividends — only salaries and expenses.

Stellar Lumens also uses a different protocol than Ripple does, which I will explain more in a little bit after I speak on some of the similarities between Ripple and Stellar.

Stellar's Background

Stellar LumensThe co-founder of Stellar Lumens, Jed McCaleb, also founded Ripple and Mt. Gox, but he left Ripple in 2015. The reason for his departure is difficult to confirm, as different sources give different information.

In a highly criticized, 15,000-word article in the New York Observer, the story was positioned to make it seem like McCaleb was forced to leave because of his bad reputation following the Mt. Gox hack.

In case you don’t know, the Mt. Gox hack was the largest hack in the history of Bitcoin up until this year when Coincheck was attacked for over a half a billion USD. The Mt. Gox hack cost users over $460 million worth of Bitcoin.

Stellar Lumens: transaction data.

At the time, Mt. Gox was the largest exchange in the world, and accounted for 70% of all Bitcoin transactions. McCaleb had founded the website nearly a decade before the hack as a Magic: The Gathering online trading platform (Mt. Gox standing for Magic: The Gathering Online eXchange).

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After the Mt. Gox Hack

After the hack, Wells Fargo suspended all accounts that had cleared funds for crypto companies, as well as those companies’ operating bank accounts, leaving company owners stranded. This included Ripple Labs account, which had a 20-year working relationship with the bank leading up to the closure.

Around that time, Ripple Labs CEO Chris Larsen was told that McCaleb should no longer be associated with the company. Despite having left Ripple to stay on as a board member at that point in time, even his little involvement as a board member was a publicity crisis for Ripple due to his association with Mt. Gox.

After that, A LOT of drama ensued between Ripple’s CEO and McCaleb. At one point, McCaleb had asked for Larsen’s departure which was turned to 5-1 board decision in favor of Larsen maintaining his position (the neigh vote was, of course, McCaleb). That request probably made for an awkward exchange at the office’s coffee station.

McCaleb's Breakthrough

Soon thereafter, McCaleb received help for Stellar Lumens through a 3-million-dollar investment from Stripe, the Irish-based payment-processor. Given the investments close proximity to Wells Fargo shutting down the Bitcoin taskforce, Stripe had to maintain public distance from Stellar due to its own relationship with Wells Fargo. However, now the partnership is in full force with public disclosure.

However, McCaleb had spoken with Coindesk to dismiss most of these claims. He said the story published in the New York Observer was one-sided, and includes many false statements. One such point that McCaleb dismissed was the story’s focus on Stellar’s Executive Director, Joyce Kim, who left Ripple to work on Stellar with McCaleb.

Stellar Lumens: The Stellar Coin

The story made Kim seem like McCaleb’s crony, and it alleged that Kim was given access to privileged conversations she shouldn’t have seen. As I said, though, a lot of the points in the New York Observer’s story were dismissed by McCaleb later on as he said the points seriously lacked accurate information and were filled with bias.

Despite the doubts of McCaleb’s reputation within the blockchain community, Stellar has gone on to become one of the most famous cryptocurrencies, with partnerships from IBM and other tech giants!

Stellar’s development team is filled with industry leaders, including board members and advisors who are leaders at places like Stanford University and WordPress. But we’ll talk more about the tight-knit team in a little bit.

For now, let’s jump into the practical and global uses for Lumens.

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How can Stellar Lumens be Used?

You can think of Stellar Lumens as Bitcoin’s faster, more scalable cousin that doesn’t require mining. Lumens can be traded anywhere in the world in just 3 to 5 seconds. This is ideal for cross-border payments (i.e. overseas transactions). Worldwide, cheap and fast transactions from your mobile, tablet or desktop can be particularly useful if you are in an isolated location without access to banks.

With Stellar Lumens, you won’t have to deal with an expensive fee from companies like Western Union. This means that when you send or receive money from someone abroad, you won’t have to pay fees of 10% or 20%. Instead, you would pay about 0.00001 Lumens, which is currently less than $.01.

Stellar has a built-in exchange on which you can trade coins like Bitcoin, Ethereum, or Stellar’s own Repocoin. You can also trade Lumens on the exchange. Stellar’s exchange is beneficial if you want to exchange XLM cryptocurrency to EUR (Euro), then give it to a friend or family member money on a transfer site like tempo.eu.com.

Stellar Lumens: customizable payments infrastructure.

From January to August of 2017, Stellar saw the platform’s Initial Coin Offerings raise over 1.3 billion in those 8 months alone. ICOs such as Mobius (which raised just under 40 million dollars) chose Stellar over more popular blockchains due to Stellar’s scalability and consensus protocol.

ICOs on the Stellar Lumens platform is customizable and can include a number of features- including the infamous Lightning Network that you’ve probably heard in association with Bitcoin. The customization for ICOs is extended to a number of behaviors, including escrows, issuing dividends, bonds, inflation, and collateralized debt.

There are a lot of exciting uses for Stellar! Let’s dig a little deeper into how Stellar can process over a thousand transactions in a second.

How do Transactions Work?

Stellar Lumens can process up to 1,000 transactions per second, at a fraction of a penny each. The fee is mostly used to prevent the network from experiencing attacks. You can send cross-border payments to anywhere in the world using Lumens.

Unlike Bitcoin, Stellar does not use Proof of Work, instead, it uses what is named the Stellar Consensus Protocol (SCP). Stellar’s SCP allows payments to be made quickly and securely with anyone anywhere in the world.

Stellar Lumens: how do Stellar Lumens transactions work?

Furthermore, Stellar’s SCP code allows Lumens to be used without any mining is necessary for operation. Some argue that without mining, Stellar Lumens is less decentralized and less secure than Bitcoin is. However, Stellar has nodes all over the world. For this reason, some consider it to be semi-centralized.

Acquiring Stellar Lumens coins without mining, you'd have to purchase them from a cryptocurrency exchange. The best exchanges to do this, by popular opinion, are going to be Kucoin and Simplex. While the latter isn't really an exchange, it allows you to purchase Stellar coins with a credit or debit card, in a fast and secure way!

Once bought, it is advised that you store the coins in a safe and reliable crypto wallet - the Ledger Nano X is the go-to option for most people out there.

Beyond the current value of the coin itself, there are many other exciting directions that Stellar will move in, in the near future.

The Potential of Stellar

Stellar Lumens is particularly useful in the South Pacific, where it is expected to be responsible for 60% of cross-border payments in the retail exchange corridor. Stellar and IBM are bringing banking infrastructure to some of the most isolated islands in the entire world, which do not have access to the financial services that some of us might be used to - opening a bank account for little or no money.

This part of the world was chosen because it fell outside of major trading corridors and includes a mix of developing and mature economies, ranging from global power Australia to Vanuatu. The initiative is new, so it may expand outside of the area once it gets more footing. IBM is using Lumens to power this initiative. It may be the first of many.

Stellar Lumens: The Stellar Coin

Renewable energy is another potential way Stellar Lumens may grow in the future. Currently, Irene Energy is holding a crowdsale on Stellar’s internal exchange. Irene uses blockchain and artificial intelligence to allow users to choose which energy producer they’d like to receive energy from… and choices include your neighbor.

You can think of it as Tinder for energy sources — you can swipe right and left to choose which source is the best for you. Irene Energy is also developing features that allow a futuristic level of transparency in energy supply chains.

As the blockchain world prepares for more fiat-to-crypto trading pairs, Stellar Lumens can be at the forefront. An example of a fiat-to-crypto trading pair would be using the Ugandan Schilling to purchase the XLM equivalent. FairX, a mysterious upcoming crypto exchange currently operating in stealth, will be powered by Stellar’s network. The company will bring the one bringing trading pairs to Stellar’s network.

Pitfalls of Stellar

Stellar’s potential can be limited if faith is lost in the management team; the development team holds the rest of the coins that will be distributed in the future. Say, if the cofounder, Jared McCaleb, ends up in another lawsuit like the ones he found himself in after he tried to dump his Ripple coins upon leaving the company. If faith is lost in McCaleb, this can be bad news for Stellar Lumens.

Another area of concern is the size of Stellar’s team, which is comprised of only 10 employees, 3 board members, and 8 advisors. However, to soothe concerns about the size of the team, it is comprised of industry leaders and experts. Such as the founders of WordPress and Angelist, the CEO of Stripe, and the President of Y Combinator.

Stellar Lumens: The Stellar Coin

Again, this development team includes the person who founded Mt. Gox, which oversaw a 460-million-dollar hack. However, his reputation within tech has landed him support from some of the best minds within the blockchain and tech communities.

Despite the fact that he founded Mt. Gox, McCaleb and his team marches forward, and his reputation improves as time goes on. And to McCaleb’s credit, he probably had no control over the attack despite being associated with it as a founder of the site. He didn’t even operate the site at the time of the attack.

Fortunately, Stellar’s site and internal exchange have never been hacked. Let’s look a little further into the various security aspects of XLM cryptocurrency.

Are Stellar Lumens Secure?

Stellar Lumens has a nearly clean security slate. The exchange and Stellar network have never experienced any hacks. However, there was one instance where Lumens were taken from an online wallet website, but that was beyond XLM’s control; it was a flaw in the wallet, not in Stellar's technology.

BlackWallet.co was the wallet in question; its security was compromised after a hacker injected code into user accounts with over 20 XLM. This hack was relatively small, leading to the equivalent of over $400,000 being taken. Again, though, this is not a reflection of poor security on Stellar’s end, but rather, the wallet owned by BlackWallet.co.

Stellar Lumens: the power of Stellar.

The very small fee that you pay with every Stellar transaction (again, less than one penny) is used to prevent what is known as Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks. These types of attacks usually happen when servers are flooded. So, by charging a small fee, overloading the system becomes too expensive for attackers to accomplish.

Remember, Stellar is secure enough to be used right at this moment as a part of IBM’s global blockchain initiative. This fact alone should speak a little to its level of security. Would IBM want to partner with an unsecured scam coin?

Can Stellar be Abused?

With more and more regulations being released, abusing the cryptosystem is becoming harder. Just like any other token or currency, abuses can happen within the system. Insider trading, financial fraud, laundering, and asset hiding can occur using cryptocurrencies like Stellar Lumens.

Nothing in particular about Lumens stands out to make it particularly vulnerable to attacks. But almost all (if not all) cryptocurrencies can be abused in some way.

Before you go, I just have one other quick thing to say.

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Out of the cryptocurrencies I’ve studied and researched, this coin seems to have received the least amount of negative criticism. It has a solid team behind it, and a strong number of advantages over similar projects.

But, now that you know what Stellar Lumens is, what do you think?

You know the story behind the coin, and how transactions work on the network. You know what the future may look like for the project.

There really aren’t many bad things that I can say about Stellar. Especially with IBM behind the coin already using it in real-world applications in the South Pacific. If you do decide that Stellar is worth checking out, make sure to do so via a great reputation-upholding exchange!

The whole process should look a little something like this:

  1. You pick out a wallet for your future Stellar coins - Ledger is a great alternative, since it's considered to be one of the safest options;
  2. Then, you should pick out an exchange to purchase your Stellar coins from. In the majority of cases, Kucoin is going to be the best choice - it's super-secure, easy to use, and is one of the most well-known crypto brokerages on the market;
  3. The registration and verification processes shouldn't take long at all;
  4. Once finished, simply pick Stellar Lumens from the list of cryptocurrencies you'd like to trade, choose the methods of acquisition, and go through with the process!

There is an alternative, however.

If you'd like to buy some Stellar coins with a credit card, you are also able to do so via Simplex. Here, the process should be very fast and simple, and Simplex guarantees the utmost security.

All that said, though, you need to note that this is not financial advice. Always do your own research before investing, consult a professional, and never invest more than you can afford to lose.

The content published on this website is not aimed to give any kind of financial, investment, trading, or any other form of advice. BitDegree.org does not endorse or suggest you to buy, sell or hold any kind of cryptocurrency. Before making financial investment decisions, do consult your financial advisor.

About Article's Experts & Analysts

By Aaron S.


Having completed a Master’s degree on Economics, Politics & Culture for the East Asia region, Aaron has written scientific papers with a comparative analysis of the differences between US’ Western and Japan’s Collective forms...
Aaron S., Editor-In-Chief
Having completed a Master’s degree on Economics, Politics & Culture for the East Asia region, Aaron has written scientific papers with a comparative analysis of the differences between US’ Western and Japan’s Collective forms of capitalism, 1945-2020.
With close to a decade of experience in the FinTech industry, Aaron understands all of the biggest issues and struggles that crypto enthusiasts face. He’s a passionate analyst who is concerned with data-driven and fact-based content, as well as that which speaks to both Web3 natives and industry newcomers.
Aaron is the go-to person for everything and anything related to digital currencies. With a huge passion for blockchain & Web3 education, Aaron strives to transform the space as we know it, and make it more approachable to complete beginners.
Aaron has been quoted by multiple established outlets, and is a published author himself. Even during his free time, he enjoys researching the market trends, and looking for the next supernova.

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What can Stellar Lumens used for?

Stellar Lumens main usage revolves around sending money and making payments internationally, especially in areas that have developing economies. Transactions made with Stellar coins are extremely cheap, and can be received in a matter of seconds upon making them. If you use a high-end exchange, buying yourself some XLM is fast and easy, too!

Is Stellar a good cryptocurrency?

The general consensus in the cryptocurrency community is that the Stellar Lumens coin is surely worth paying attention to, and perhaps even checking out. While it's far from being as popular as Bitcoin or Ethereum, Stellar does offer its holders a lot of different advantages.

How to pick the best crypto exchange for yourself?

Picking out the best crypto exchange for yourself, you should always focus on maintaining a balance between the essential features that all top crypto exchanges should have, and those that are important to you, personally. For example, all of the best exchanges should possess top-tier security features, but if you’re looking to trade only the main cryptocurrencies, you probably don’t really care too much about the variety of coins available on the exchange. It’s all a case-by-case scenario!

Which cryptocurrency exchange is best for beginners?

Reading through various best crypto exchange reviews online, you’re bound to notice that one of the things that most of these exchanges have in common is that they are very simple to use. While some are more straightforward and beginner-friendly than others, you shouldn’t encounter any difficulties with either of the top-rated exchanges. That said, many users believe that KuCoin is one of the simpler exchanges on the current market.

What is the difference between a crypto exchange and a brokerage?

In layman’s terms, a cryptocurrency exchange is a place where you meet and exchange cryptocurrencies with another person. The exchange platform (i.e. Binance) acts as a middleman - it connects you (your offer or request) with that other person (the seller or the buyer). With a brokerage, however, there is no “other person” - you come and exchange your crypto coins or fiat money with the platform in question, without the interference of any third party. When considering cryptocurrency exchange rankings, though, both of these types of businesses (exchanges and brokerages) are usually just thrown under the umbrella term - exchange. This is done for the sake of simplicity.

Are all the top cryptocurrency exchanges based in the United States?

No, definitely not! While some of the top cryptocurrency exchanges are, indeed, based in the United States (i.e. KuCoin or Kraken), there are other very well-known industry leaders that are located all over the world. For example, Binance is based in Tokyo, Japan, while Bittrex is located in Liechtenstein. While there are many reasons for why an exchange would prefer to be based in one location over another, most of them boil down to business intricacies, and usually have no effect on the user of the platform.



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